Yellowstone volcano attracts tourists from all over the world
Yellowstone Volcano is located in the oldest national park in the United States. It is considered a dormant but active super volcano. For two million years he erupted with a catastrophic force several times.
Now the former crater forms an extensive calderathe size of which is 55x72 km. Inside the Yellowstone caldera there is a volcanic plateau covering the hot spot. A hot spot in geology is usually called a region of prolonged volcanism. At this point, the magma is very close to the surface of the Earth. Scientists claim that the huge chamber filled with red-hot magma is at a depth of just 8 kilometers under the Yellowstone plateau.
Most of the biothermal park is onthe territory of the caldera. In the center of the caldera of the volcano is located an unusually beautiful lake Yellowstone. Here is one of the five geyser fields in the world.
There are suggestions that YellowstoneThe volcano will erupt in the near future. American scientists are closely monitoring the seismic activity in this area. The fact that a volcano can begin to erupt is evidenced by the appearance of a large number of new geysers and the rise of soil.
The media talk about possible catastrophic consequences, but scientists summarized all the research data and built a model of the alleged eruption.
Despite the fact that it is more difficult to predict the behavior of a super volcano than normal, even if an eruption occurs, the consequences will not be as terrible as the journalists said.
Scientists have found out that thethe plateau magma cools and the Yellowstone volcano "falls asleep." In the well-known film-reconstruction made by the Air Force, an eruption of a super volcano is described, equal in strength to what happened 640 thousand years ago. According to volcanologists, this film greatly exaggerates the consequences of a possible event.
Even if the Yellowstone volcano begins to erupt,some part of the US territory may become covered with ash, but the thickness of the layer only in the immediate vicinity of the place of ejection will be approximately 30 cm, and only 3000 km from the caldera the layer will be a millimeter thick.
Despite the fact that the bubbling under the plateauhot lava makes a trip to the Yellowstone Reserve a bit risky, this beautiful place attracts a large number of tourists. Travelers from all over the world want to see the Yellowstone volcano, colored geysers, differing from each other by the pressure of water and its temperature. Sources with hot water - blue, with colder water have a red, green and yellow color.
Great interest among tourists is caused by the Upper and Lower waterfalls, 33 and 94 m in height, respectively. Today, the Yellowstone caldera has 300 species of birds and 60 mammals.
On the territory of the park are laid the roads leading to thevarious sights. In summer, hotels and hostels need to reserve seats for several months in advance. Many tourists have to stop outside the reserve in nearby settlements. Annually about 3 million people come to the Yellowstone National Park.