Navy Day 2018
Like all important dates in the history of Russia, the Day of the Navy 2018 will be celebrated at a high state level. In many cities of our country, solemn events and memorable meetings will be held, during which they will recall the past exploits of Russian sailors and mark the merits of those who continue to serve in hot spots of the planet.
A brief excursion to the origins of the holiday
The history of the creation of the Navy of Russia goes back to the times of Peter the Great. It was he who was the first of the Russian rulers who determined the maritime borders of the state and founded the first combat flotilla, designed to repel the threats of a potential enemy. By order of the sovereign, the Black Sea, and a little later, the Baltic imperial flotilla with a base in St. Petersburg were created.
After the death of Peter the Great, the situation in the Russian fleet deteriorated markedly - the construction of new ships practically ceased, and the old ones gradually fell into disrepair.
The critical situation changed dramatically only in the second half of the 18th century.During the reign of Catherine II, a new stage began in the development of political relations with European countries. In this area, the regular army, and in particular the navy, which played a decisive role in the outcome of the Russian-Turkish war, became the key to strengthening the position of the Russian state. In the period from 1877 to 1878, Russian squadrons under the command of Admiral Fyodor Ushakov won a number of high-profile victories over the enemy, as a result of which they managed to conquer vast territories in the Northern Black Sea region.
Thanks to the competent policy of the Empress, by the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Navy was one of the three largest and most efficient formations in Europe.
The crucial event in the history of the Russian fleet was the Crimean War of 1853-1856. Despite the dedication and heroism shown in the defeat of the Turks at Sinop, the Russian sailors failed to restrain the onslaught of the enemy coalition led by France and Great Britain. As a result of a long siege, the main fort of Russia in the Crimea, Sevastopol, was taken.
This was followed by a defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905, where violent battles took place in the Pacific region.However, by 1906, the loss of the fleet was able to compensate. The first submarines appeared in the Russian Navy, and by decree of Nicholas II the Main Naval Headquarters was established.
During the First World War, Germany and all the same Turkey were the main opponents of Russia at sea. While in the Baltic theater of military operations the Russian fleet adhered to defensive tactics, in the Black Sea basin it was the rightful master of the military situation.
Another crisis in the Russian Navy fell on the years of the Great October Revolution. As a result of the illiterate policy of the new authorities, the Black Sea formations were partially captured by German troops, and partly destroyed. The remaining warships passed UNR. Thus, control over the Pacific coast, the North Sea and the Black Sea was lost.
The revival of the Russian Navy began only in the years of the Great Patriotic War. Despite the enormous advantage in power and armament, Hitler's troops managed to occupy the Crimea, which the seamen bravely defended. Thanks to their immortal feat, in 1965 the city of Sevastopol was awarded the status of a hero-city.
What date will mark the Day of the Navy in 2018?
As a public holiday, the Day of the Navy was approved by a special Decree of the President of Russia dated May 31, 2006. Since then, the valor of the navy has been honored annually on the last Sunday of the second summer month. Considering the floating holiday calendar, in 2018 it will be celebrated on July 29th.
Traditions of professionally celebrated sailors
As mentioned earlier, the Russian Navy is one of the most important and efficient units in the infrastructure of the Armed Forces of our country, ensuring peace and order on its sea frontiers. That is why Navy Day is celebrated at the highest state level.
In the home ports of the domestic flotilla, and in particular, in Kronstadt and St. Petersburg large-scale campaigns take place, including the following activities:
- grand parades of warships with a solemn raising of the flags of St. Andrew;
- demonstration master classes in combat training and sports competitions for sailors;
- music concerts with popular artists;
- memorable meetings with the participation of active servicemen of the Navy and veterans of the Great Patriotic War.
Moscow solemnly congratulates and awards commanders of cruisers, submarines and destroyers, who distinguished themselves during military operations in various hot spots of our planet, on this day.
Interesting facts about the Russian Navy:
- the main ship flag of the Russian Federation is the St. Andrew’s flag;
- The Russian Navy includes: 21 landing, 7 patrol and 15 missile ships, 29 submarines, 1 aircraft carrier, 19 diesel submarines, 40 anti-submarine ships, 6 cruisers, 8 destroyers and 28 missile boats;
- Russia's largest Far Eastern port, Vladivostok;
- The father of President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, served as a submariner in the position of helmsman.