What is spirulina, and how it is useful: the form of release, useful properties, chemical composition, contraindications, scope, price in pharmacies and reviews of specialists
Spirulina -food additive, which is actively used in the modern world. Dietary supplements based on spirulina treat many diseases, are used to stop the growth of cancer cells, are actively used in cosmetology and even lose weight thanks to them. What is this myth, and what is truth? Let's try to figure outwhat is spirulina, what useful properties and contraindications it has, where it is used and soldWe will also consider the opinions of specialists about the preparation and the reviews of those who have already experienced spirulina on themselves.
The main thing in the article
What is spirulina?
In fact, spirulina is a unicellular alga, not a laboratory derived composition of beneficial elements. It is known since ancient times, and grows in reservoirs located in warm climates. Got algae its name because of its spiral shape. Over the millennia of changes that occurred on our planet, this plant has remained in its primitive form, thanks to its unique composition. Scientists, exploring the "inner world" of this plant, were greatly surprised, since this single-cell contains more than 2 thousand useful elements. This includes amino acids, vitamins, enzymes, macronutrients, etc.
For comparison, only 1 g of spirulina contains the same amount of useful trace elements as in 1 kg of different vegetables (assorted). The latter fact was decisive, pushing manufacturers of food additives to use spirulina for weight loss.
Spirulina: chemical composition and release forms
In spirulina, you can find most of the periodic table, almost the entire composition of vitamins, the body needs amino acids, and so on, so forth.Enumerate all the trace elements will not, let's call only some of them:
|BJU||Trace elements||Macronutrients||Vitamins||Amino Acids|
Proteins - 57.4 g;
Fat - 7.7 g;
Carbohydrates - 23.9 g;
Water 4.6 g;
Dietary fiber - 3.6 g;
Ash - 6.2 g;
Omega-3 - 0.82 g;
Omega-6 - 1.254 g.
Copper - 6100 mcg;
Iron - 28.5 mg;
Manganese - 1.9 mg;
Selenium - 7.2 mcg;
Zinc - 2 mg.
Magnesium - 195 mg;
Sodium - 1048 mg;
Potassium - 1363 mg;
Phosphorus - 118 mg;
Calcium - 120 mg.
C - 10.1 mg;
A - 29 μg;
PP - 12.82 mg;
B1 - 2.38 mg;
B2 3.67 mg;
B9 - 94 µg;
E - 5 mg;
K - 25.5 mcg.
Lysine - 3 g;
Arginine - 4.1 g;
Methionine - 1.1 g;
Glycine - 3 g;
Serin - 2.9 g
The number of elements is given per 100 g of spirulina.It should also be noted that this volume of algae contains 290 kcal.
Find spirulina on sale in the following forms:
- frozen seaweed;
- capsules (dietary supplements);
- canned spirulina.
Spirulina: useful properties and contraindications, the price in pharmacies
The rich composition of unicellular algae makes Spirulina very useful for the human body. Its reception contributes to:
Since spirulina is a natural alga, it has no list of side effects. But despite this, there is a category of people for whom spirulina is contraindicated, these include:
As for the “price of the question,” it all depends on the form in which spirulina is bought, and which brand produces drugs based on it. The cost of dietary supplements, vitamins on the basis of spirulina - powder can range from 300 rubles to several thousand.
All about spirulina: application in different areas
There are three main uses for spirulina:
Each of the fields prefers its own type of release of spirulina. In medicine, tablet form is most often used. In cosmetology, powders are used, and any of the above forms will be suitable for weight loss. Let us consider in more detail the effect of spirulina in each of the industries.
Spirulina algae in medicine: what treats spirulina?
Preparations based on or containing spirulina are used in medicine for the treatment of:
- Fungal infections caused by fungi of the genus Candida, including thrush in women.
- In the treatment of colds and viral diseases.
- Allergies, dermatitis, bronchial asthma.
- Oncological diseases.
- Diabetes mellitus (stabilization of sugar levels).
Spirulina for weight loss: how does it work?
We can safely say that spirulina has no analogues and is great for losing weight. Here are the main reasons:
- It nourishes the body with all the necessary microelements, which are often lacking in compliance with low-calorie diets. And what are the cost of omega-3 and omega-6, without which no weight loss can pass “painlessly” for the body!
- Acceptance of spirulina inhibits hunger and improves carbohydrate metabolism, which is important for normal weight loss.
- Even the lightest diets with spirulina are maintained without problems, thanks to the presence of 70% easily digestible protein in the algae. This is because spirulina cells do not have a membrane.
Spirulina in cosmetology: a recipe for a face mask with spirulina
Beauticians recommend the use of spirulina powder in skin care. It saturates the epidermis with useful elements at the cellular level, which allows the cells to regenerate, and the woman to stay young longer. When conducting a 7–10-day course for face masks, you can get rid of wrinkles, bring skin into a tone, making it more smooth and elastic.
Spirulina Mask Recipe:
Dissolve 1 hl of spirulina powder in 1 tbsp of warm water. If there is no powder, then 4–5 tablets based on these algae can be dissolved in this volume of water.Apply the resulting gruel on the face and décolleté, hold for 30 minutes. After - wash off and moisturize with nourishing cream. The course of such masks 10 pieces, they should be applied every other day.
Spirulina in cosmetology: hair mask with spirulina
In addition to facial, spirulina is used for body and hair care. As a part of body creams and shower gels, it has a nourishing effect, cleanses the pores, rejuvenates. Spirulina shampoo contributes to the overall strengthening of the hair, gives them volume and healthy shine.
Spirulina hair mask:
Stir 1 hl of spirulina powder with one yolk of chicken egg, 1 hl of cream, mix. Apply a mask on wet hair and hold for 10 minutes.
Spirulina has proven itself in the fight against cellulite. Based on it, a scrub is done (50 to 50 magnesia and spirulina + 5 drops of any essential oil), which is applied to problem areas. Massages with such a composition give noticeable results after 7 days.
How to take spirulina tablets, powder, capsules: instructions
Spirulina is taken by courses that can last up to 3 months.Depending on the form of release, the dosage may be different.The differences in the release are as follows:
- powder- it is dried, ground algae. It has a specific taste and smell;
- pills- it is the same pressed powder, but its use is more convenient;
- capsules- The advantages of this release is that through the shell of the capsule there is no unpleasant taste and smell of spirulina powder inside.
When buying tablets and capsules, you should carefully study the instructions and find out how many grams of the main substance (spirulina) are in one tablet or capsule.
Now let's see how much spirulina needs to be taken in this or that case:
- For weight loss take 3 g of spirulina per day. The dose can be divided into two doses. Drink pills or powder half an hour before meals.
- To cleanse the body, take 2 tablets three times a day.
- To strengthen the immunity in the period of exacerbation of colds take up to 4 capsules per day.
- Elderly people for the general strengthening of the body are discharged 2 g of algae per day for 21-28 days.
- For asthma, you need to drink 0.5–3 g of powder per day.
- As an adjuvant in the fight against cancer during chemotherapy they drink 5 g of spirulina.
If the drug is used for medicinal purposes, then you should drink spirulina in any form during meals.
Unicellular algae powder can be drunk by adding to a smoothie. The unpleasant smell of spirulina can be muffled by cinnamon or lemon zest.
Where Can I Buy Spirulina: Prices
Spirulina tablets and capsules are commercially available in conventional and online pharmacies. On average, the price of the finished product is 3-5 dollars. The powder is much more difficult to find. The cost of 100 g of powder is about 5 dollars. There is one more species on sale - live spirulina. They grow it on special farms, and after harvesting they immediately cryo-freeze. The pleasure of “sitting down” on such a food additive is rather expensive, since for one portion of the frozen product you will have to pay out 1 dollar.
The opinion of experts - reviews of doctors about spirulina
Opinion in which doctors agree - to take a dietary supplement should be wisely. Yes, it does have a firming effect and can help with various diseases, provided that the supplement is taken according to the instructions. However, nutritionists focus on the fact that the abuse of spirulina can lead to hypervitaminosis, which is difficult to treat and without an endocrinologist in this situation.