What is processed by grapes?
Grapes - a plant not too demanding,easily adapting to various environmental conditions. However, if you want the fruits of the grapes to be large and sweet, you will have to try, providing the plant with an abundance of light, regular watering and, of course, additional fertilizing. In this article we will tell you how and how to process grapes.
To each his own: methods of pest control
Grapes have to be protected from the mass of variouspests, and against each of them - its own method of struggle. And if with all kinds of mites, beetles and caterpillars, as a rule, easy to handle by treating plants with the appropriate preparation, then such pests as atypical for most crops, like wasps and birds, require much more trouble. Below we will discuss in detail how to deal with various pests.
In the first months of summer, wasps play useful forgrapes role, destroying caterpillars, but at the end of August they are "retrained" into pests, since in this period the need for sweet food increases. Since the fruits of grapes have already been formed, chemical preparations can not be used, otherwise the fruits will be dangerous to consume, so it is necessary to struggle with bees with primitive and rather cruel mechanical methods, namely, the destruction of nests and the hanging of traps.
Destruction of nests is a dangerous method, wasps canseriously get angry and without special protective clothing you do not like. Search nests better in the early morning, when the wasps scattered in search of food, and destroy them better at night, when all the wasps are in place. Take a flashlight with him, cover it with a red rag (do not see the red light of the wasp), get close to the nest and inject directly into the nest a special insecticide. When the drug will work, the wasps will drop out of the nest. You only need to remove the nest from the tree.
Traps for wasps, as well as insecticide, canbuy in a special store of goods for the garden. In general, the trap can be done independently, for which you need to take a 2-liter bottle, cut off its top and pour jam on the bottom. Wasp, having arrived on a smell of jam in search of sweet and having landed on a bottom of a bottle, will get stuck and will sink.
As we have already said, the methods are rather brutal, andif you feel sorry for insects, you can apply a more humane way - make nylon pantyhose covers and put them on bunches, only pre-cut the leaves around the bunches to avoid rotting the fruits.
At various sites and in the literature for gardenersdescribes the mass of ways to combat birds. Among the most popular - stuffed, sparkling tins, ratchets, etc. However, in reality, nothing is afraid of this bird, and only a grid stretched over a tree can help. It is best to use a mesh of polymer fiber, it will save the harvest, and the birds will not die. From a polymer net, a bird will simply bounce, but, for example, in a fishing net may get confused.
The most dangerous for the grapes caterpillar -leaf roller. Leaflets are of three types - two-year, grape and grozdevaya. The two-year-old first-generation tortillist damages the buds, the second generation - berries, the grape leaf-roller eats buds, shoots, constellations and fruits, the first-generation green leaf litter eats buds, the second and third fruits. With all leaf rollers, the methods of fighting are the same - the processing of shrubs by special preparations, among the most popular - Double effect, Commander, Sherpa.
The grape felt felt damages the youngshoots, bunches and flowers, to get rid of it you need to process the grape with a sulfur-containing drug. The spider mite punctures the leaves and sucks the juice out of them, which leads to their withering away. Fight with this mite phosphamide and neuron.
Grapes can get sick without "help"pests, among the most dangerous ailments of the plant - fungal diseases. For the prevention of diseases, bushes are treated with a solution of copper sulfate (15 grams per bucket) or baking soda solution (80 grams per bucket).
Special care in autumn
After harvesting about the health of the grapes forgettoo it is not necessary, late autumn it is necessary to feed grapes. To do this, dig a trench around the plant with a depth of about half a meter and fill it with reparted manure (nitric part) and sifted (potassium-phosphorus part) ash. And that in the cold the plant is not frozen, the vine should be covered with lutrasil for the winter or lapnik strengthened.
Also in autumn it is necessary to prune, otherwise the grapes will grow very much, and the berries will be crumbled.