The pain in the throat always causes discomfort, but often we do not go to the polyclinic, preferring to undergo treatment at home. But the sore throat can be a sign of serious illness.
In this article we will talk about what is laryngitis.
What is laryngitis?
Laryngitis is an inflammatory process,arising in the throat. Medicine distinguishes two types of this disease - acute and chronic. Quite often laryngitis is accompanied by ARVI, influenza and other diseases of this type.
Causes of laryngitis
As a rule, laryngitis occurs in connection withsupercooling of the body, as well as a decrease in immunity. However, this disease has a mechanical cause - a burn or injury. In addition, there are factors that can provoke laryngitis. They include the following:
- dustiness of the room;
- frequent increase of voice, conversations in elevated tones;
- inflammatory processes inside the body;
- disturbances in the respiratory tract.
Acute laryngitis can develop into a chronic form if left untreated. For this reason, the recommendations of the doctor should be taken seriously and supercooled less.
Symptoms of laryngitis
The main symptom of laryngitis isthe inability of the vocal cords to emit a vibration, due to which sounds appear. This is because the airways are narrowing, it becomes difficult for a person to breathe. Also a symptom of this ailment can be called "barking cough". If you do not pay attention to this, then laryngitis can develop into a more serious disease.
Treatment of laryngitis
To cure laryngitis, the first thing to do is to eliminate the cause of its appearance. Then it will be necessary to minimize the factors that push the further development of the disease:
- increase of voice;
- spicy food;
- alcohol consumption.
A person who suffers from laryngitis needstalk as little as possible and quietly. It is also recommended to be outdoors, because there is moisture in it, which has a beneficial effect on the ligaments. To accelerate recovery, you can do inhalations. It is necessary to avoid smoke, since it is harmful, so you should stay away from smokers. Good results in the treatment of laryngitis are given by hot alcohol compresses and warm baths. Also the doctor can prescribe antitussives and a warm drink.
Prophylaxis of laryngitis
To avoid this disease,To temper, and also to avoid hypothermia of an organism. Influenza and ARVI should be treated, and not wait until they pass by themselves. In addition, you need to protect your voice, without the need not to talk on elevated tones and give up smoking, including passive. From time to time, you should drink the tincture of Eleutherococcus, it will help to strengthen immunity. Buy an air humidifier, this device will not allow the development of the disease.
A few more tips on treating laryngitis can be found in our articles. How to treat laryngitis and how to cure laryngitis.