What is hepatitis?
Hepatitis is an inflammatory disease thataffects the liver. Hepatitis can be different, and the ways of infection vary. Let's talk in more detail about what is hepatitis, consider its types and methods of treatment.
Forms of hepatitis
The acute form of hepatitis is characterized by symptomsgeneral intoxication of the body, violations of the liver - the appearance of jaundice, fever and so on, increases the content of bilirubin in the blood, as well as transaminases. The general condition of the sick person worsens. In acute forms of hepatitis there is a greater chance of recovery, but there is a risk of further development. Most often the disease has a viral nature or is a consequence of poisoning with heavy poisons.
Chronic form of hepatitis is not necessarilyconsequence of acute. It can also develop independently due to alcoholism. The most common disease is asymptomatic, which creates complexity in diagnosing. But nevertheless at development of the chronic form of a hepatitis the blunt pains in the field of the right hypochondrium, augmentation of a liver, intolerance of fat food and so on are noted. If left untreated, then hepatitis subsequently becomes cirrhosis of the liver.
Methods of diagnosing hepatitis
For accurate diagnosis, it is best to take an analysisblood for hepatitis. It allows you to identify the disease in the initial stages, which means that a person has a great chance for a quick recovery. With a positive result, a number of tests are done. Jaundice, which occurs due to increased bilirubin in the blood, is not always evident. Clinical examination of the patient is also carried out.
Infection with hepatitis
In the first place, hepatitis is infected throughblood. So, in the risk group, people who have promiscuous sexual relations, and drug addicts. There is also the risk of contracting through medical instruments, especially dental and gynecological. Therefore, you need to carefully choose hospitals. A very small risk of infection can be through tools for manicure and pedicure. The cause of the chronic form of hepatitis is the abuse of alcohol. Do not forget about strong poisons. It is necessary to understand that hepatitis is a disease that can be cured, but it is better to prevent its development.
Types of hepatitis
By its nature, hepatitis can be toxic, viral and autoimmune.
- Thus, toxic hepatitis develops as a result ofreception of some medicinal preparations. This is due to the individual intolerance of some components. It can also appear due to the use of certain drugs in large doses and poisons, for example, such as paracetamol, white phosphorus, carbon tetrachloride, pallid grebe, industrial poisons, hormonal or antituberculous drugs, ibuprofen, etc.
- Autoimmune hepatitis occurs most often inwomen. This is usually a congenital defect of the membrane receptors of HLA II, which leads to the development of the disease. There are a number of other reasons that can lead to autoimmune hepatitis.
- The most common is viral hepatitis. It has several forms - A, B, C, D, E, F. The first four species have become more widespread. By nature, they are divided according to the method of infection. So hepatitis A and F are related to intestinal infections. And for the types of hepatitis, the infection that occurs through liquids: sperm, blood, breast milk - typical group of typical blood infections. These include hepatitis B, C, D.
Symptoms can not determine the type of hepatitis, forthis requires a laboratory analysis. It is also impossible to predict the course of the disease and its outcome. But in any case, hepatitis in the early stages is treated well.