What is grade 1 anemia in pregnancy: causes, symptoms and treatment
During pregnancy, the body of a womanundergoes significant changes. By 20%, the amount of blood increases, which means that your body needs an even greater intake of vitamins and iron, which are necessary for the production of hemoglobin. In the WHO directory, iron deficiency anemia is the most common disease during pregnancy. Almost 90% of expectant mothers suffer from this ailment, and this does not depend on the material and social situation.
Anemia is characterized by a sharp decreaseerythrocytes (red blood cells). They are of great importance for the development of our body. Erythrocytes provide oxygen to all internal organs and tissues. With insufficient supply of oxygen and low hemoglobin, a person feels "broken" and tired. Women in the state often have anemia of 1 degree. When pregnancy requires more iron, so the future mother should eat balanced and take the necessary vitamins. Otherwise, anemia from a mild form will go to a serious stage, and this is dangerous for the health of the mother and fetus.
Anemia of 1 degree in pregnancy: the main mechanisms that contribute to its development
- A change in the hormonal background, and in particular a significant increase in estradiol, causes a decrease in erythropoiesis.
- Deficiency of iron, lack of vitamin B12.
- Multiple pregnancy.
- Oxygen starvation, as a result of which oxidation-reduction processes are violated.
- Immunological changes, which are associated with the antigenic stimulation of the mother's body, from the embryonic tissues.
- Accumulation during pregnancy of metabolic products.
Anemia of 1 degree during pregnancy is determinedwith the help of laboratory research, which is why women in the situation must so often take all the necessary tests to timely eliminate possible causes that adversely affect the development of the fetus. Anemia is recorded if the hemoglobin level is more than 20% below normal. At an easy stage of illness the woman does not feel any inconveniences, but the decrease in iron stores is reflected in the child. The fetus constantly lacks oxygen, which can cause hypoxia.
Reduction of hemoglobin in anemia in 95% of pregnant womenwomen causes the following symptoms: dizziness, fainting, general weakness and drowsiness or, conversely, sleep disturbance. There may be headaches, hair loss, brittle nails. In addition, the appetite decreases, unusual taste preferences arise.
Preventing and treating anemia in the early stages
All pregnant women are recommended from the first daystake special vitamin preparations. Be sure to include in the menu foods rich in iron and protein (beef liver, meat, dairy products, buckwheat, peaches, pomegranate, spinach, beans, green apples, fish). Promote ascorbic and folic acid, regular walks, positive emotions and rational nutrition. All in a complex gives effective results and helps to neutralize this state.
As a treatment doctor prescribes drugswith iron content and additional medicines that improve the absorption of the trace element. Without drugs, treatment is not possible, since with a meal a woman will receive a small amount of iron. Anemia of 1 degree during pregnancy requires special attention. Therapy protects from unpleasant consequences.