What is elegy?
Elegy is a lyrical genre of poetry. At first it was determined by the form of the verse, then a certain mood and content of the poem became the dominant property. Now elegy called the work with sad and thoughtful motives.
What is elegy in literature
Originally, the term "elegy" denotedspecific form of the verse. In this form, works of diverse subjects were created. Archilok wrote accusatory, but at the same time sad works, Solon - elegy with philosophical content, Callin and Tirthey - elegy about the war, Mimnerm analyzed with the help of elegy political themes.
In the ancient Romans this term acquiressomewhat different interpretation. Elegy in them has a free form, therefore acquires a certain content - the number of works about love is growing. Famous Romans in this genre were Catullus, Tibullus, Ovid.
In imitation of ancient examples, elegy were created in the Renaissance and in the Middle Ages. But all this time, elegy as a genre remained secondary. But the situation has changed since the middle of the XVIII century.
In 1751, the Englishman Thomas Gray wrote an elegy,which became a model for authors of different countries. At us its translation was made by VA. Zhukovsky (elegy of 1802, "Rural Cemetery"). Elegy Gray became a kind of moment from which sentimentalism began to develop. Here poetry has no domination of reason and clear laws, giving way to inner experiences. At this time, elegy - a poem that is permeated with meditation and sadness. Such works are characterized by such motives: loneliness, disappointment, intimacy of experiences, unhappy love.
In the second half of the XIX century, elegy as a genre lost its former popularity and is found only as the name of cycles and individual poems.
Elegy in music
Also the genre "elegy" is used in music. So he is an elegiac poem embodied in music (for example, a romance). Including, according to this pattern, exclusively instrumental works (works by Liszt, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninov) were created.
Now you know what the elegy is!