What is autism?
Cinematography has long romanticized the image of a patient with autism. But this disease is both a mystery and a headache for psychiatrists. What is autism? Let's talk about this.
Autism is a serious, incurable disease that most often manifests itself in the first years of life. Patients with autism are not able to form emotional relationships with the people around them.
Manifestations of autism
People with autism have problems communicating. For example, they can not understand the meaning of certain words, as well as the meaning of actions usual for a person, for example, handshakes.
A patient with autism can not build relationships with other people. The child manifests itself in the impossibility of emotional contact with the mother, an adult almost never makes friends.
The autistic person can often find obsessivenon-purposeful behavior. For example, he can clap his hands, walk on tiptoe, leave the house only on even days. Patients with autism are very attached to their things, so switching from winter to summer clothes, and sometimes simply changing their shirt can lead to a nervous breakdown. Objects that can be unscrewed or disassembled are most like those with autism. A real paradise for such a patient is to be alone in a room with many such items.
Often, mental retardation can be a characteristic feature of autism. But this does not always happen. There are cases when patients had quite an amazing memory and thinking.
A tendency has been found that autism occursis several times more common in men than in women. Also, scientists say that the disease occurs primarily at the genetic level. It is also interesting that patients with autism sometimes have unusual properties - incredible memory, the ability to perform complex mathematical operations in the head, the ability to notice the smallest details.
What is autism in children?
The first signs of autism can be found even inearly childhood. For many parents, this is a terrible disease, because the child does not become attached to the mother at all, sometimes even looks at her as someone else's. It is also difficult to care for children, because they are very poor at absorbing household and social skills.
Autism in children may worsen over the years, or, on the contrary, almost disappear.
What is autism, now can say anypsychiatrist, and yet a few decades ago this disease was defined as schizophrenia, mental retardation, etc. Now autism is extremely common. It is believed that every eighth person is sick of autism to some extent.