Disposal of refrigerators: where to put old equipment?
The desire to make your life as comfortable as possible played a cruel joke on humanity: the world over the past century has simply “drowned” in various household appliances. People are faced with the fact that the disposal of refrigerators, stoves and dishwashers are not thought out properly.
What to do when the old model failed and ceased to perform its functions? There are several solutions to the problem.
The relevance of recycling household appliances
In matters related to the disposal of old equipment, the inhabitants of Russia lag behind the Europeans, Americans and Japanese. Relatively recently, official documents appeared that regulate the sale, storage and processing of end-of-life household appliances and appliances.
For example, in“Law on Environmental Protection”№7-FZ RFIt is said who and how should be responsible for the delivery and processing of broken machinery.
Some items are devoted to the responsibility of citizens and local authoritiesnot obeying the requirements for civilized disposal of failed equipment and electronics.
By the way, the latest edition was released in January 2002 and has not changed since then.
One of the reasons causing difficulties with the removal and removal of equipment relates to the large size and heavy weight of household appliances. In addition, the volumetric technique takes a lot of space, sojust throwing it in a landfill is prohibited.
Refrigerators are also distinguished by the fact that they contain refrigerant. Freon, which provides a low temperature inside the device, is harmful to humans and the atmosphere.
However, poisoning can be obtained only with a large and sudden release of gas. In practice, it dissolves quickly in air and disappears.
But phosgene, which is recognized as a toxic substance, is really dangerous. It is formed at a temperature of +400 ° C, therefore, it can occur only in case of violation of production technologies or safety measures at an industrial enterprise.
Once in the atmosphere, the gas destroys the ozone layer.
However, there is a specific procedure for pumping gas, prior to the further disposal of equipment. It should be dealt with by qualified services having a state license.Release of refrigerant into the atmosphere is prohibited..
Ways to attach a working refrigerator
Advertising placed on billboards and in the media, constantly flashing in the TV screen savers, will do their job perfectly well - thousands of home appliances users buy new models without waiting for the old ones to fail. What to do with an outdated, but properly functioning refrigerator?
№1 - arrange a move to the country
The easiest way to upgrade kitchen appliances is to take out old devices to the country or to the village, and instead buy new, more functional and cost-effective appliances.
Then the working refrigerator will not have to be disposed of in the literal sense of the word, it will simply replace the “place of residence”.
For transportation of a large and heavy cooler, two pairs of hands and remarkable strength are required.
If there are no adult men in the house, and the neighbors also cannot boast of health, then, together with a truck, you will have to hire movers for transportation. In cities, there are no transportation problems: dozens or even hundreds of companies offer their services.
The brigade is called in the following order:
- monitoring newspapers with ads and sites offering transportation of furniture and large-sized equipment;
- selection of a company with good recommendations and reasonable prices;
- call to the company, clarification of the terms of the transaction, the appointment of the exact time of transportation;
- the conclusion of the contract.
At the appointed time, the brigade arrives and takes the equipment to the specified address. You can take this opportunity and with the old refrigerator to transport old things to the cottage or seedlings.
№2 - sell by ad
If a house in the village or a dacha is not there, then you can “attach” serviceable equipment with commercial profit - in other words, sell it.
It’s not customary to put leaflets with handwritten texts on poles for a long time, so we recommend using modern methods: placing ads in newspapers, on websites and on TV.
The speed of sale depends on the assigned cost. Used equipment can not be expensive, so try to immediately determine the appropriate price.
To do this, you can look through other people's ads and display the average number. The smaller it is, the sooner you make a sale.
Try to interest the buyer, that is, to make a useful and interesting announcement. Of course, the photo will attract the future owner of the refrigerator in the first place, however, a creative text can be a great help.
If there is no desire or time to mess with your ad, read others.Perhaps someone just needed an inexpensive used refrigerator to a country house or a rented apartment.
If the proceeds do not matter, call the purchase of old equipment. You will be offered symbolic money - 500-1000 rubles, but you don’t have to look for loaders, as energetic workers will take it all out and take it out on their own.
№3 - give in good hands
Secured owners can afford to give a fridge to friends or just strangers.
Often neighbors or strangers find themselves in circumstances in which the purchase of new equipment is impossible due to temporary material problems. People who have unexpectedly lost their jobs, or students who rent an apartment next door, will be delighted with this gift.
Gratitude for a generous gift can be self-transportation of the unit by new owners of equipment. They will take care of the timely removal of the refrigerator from the kitchen, and the place for installation will be free for the delivery of new equipment.
What to do with a broken refrigerator?
Unfortunately, more often it is necessary to change kitchen equipment not because of fashion trends, but because of a fatal breakdown that cannot be repaired.
If the case is cracked or the compressor has already broken several times, you should think about a new purchase. There are several opportunities to dispose of old equipment, but not all of them are legal and safe.
Option # 1 - take out the equipment in the trash
The unenlightened masters do it in the usual way - at nightfall they take an old refrigerator to the trash.
At best, more enterprising citizens will immediately pick it up; at worst, it will stay there until the arrival of a special truck serving the area.
According to the rules of local area maintenance, it is prohibited to put large-sized equipment, especially refrigerators with freon, into the courtyard. Usually this provision is contained in the statute adopted by tenants and agreed with the management company.
However, there is a small nuance - the content of freon turns the refrigerator from the usual "garbage" into dangerous. If you follow the law, then before sending the unit to a container, freon must be pumped out, and it costs money.
Hosts who simply threw a device on the street face a fine of between 1,000 and 2,500 rubles, so it is better to spend this amount on a specialist call, which, by the way, is also not always possible.
Bunkers containers are available only to residents of cities, or at least cities of regional significance.
For example, in Moscow this issue has been resolved, and containers with a volume of 8.27 m³ are set up especially for large-sized equipment. In small towns and villages, organized removal of household equipment is a rarity.
Option # 2 - arrange for removal to landfill
What to do if you can’t take out the refrigerator to the courtyard, and transportation to the dump completely falls on the shoulders of the former owner? We'll have to look for a private company engaged in the collection and export of old household appliances, and pay for services on the price.
During the call of employees, be sure to check whether the organization has a license to transport or recycle refrigerators.
They may refuse for another reason. Small companies are not profitable to cooperate with citizens, so they serve only legal entities. If you are lucky, the unit will be taken, loaded into a car and taken to the nearest landfill for approximately 2300-2500 rubles.
In small towns there is another difficulty - there are simply no firms involved in the export of equipment. It is also problematic to dispose of other wastes that are harmful to nature, for example, lamps containing mercury or batteries.
Option # 3 - give the unit a "second" life
Most likely, it was precisely because of the impossibility of “fusing” the refrigerator to the dump in time, that the villagers and summer residents found more than one dozen ways to use it in another capacity.
Lost the main function - to cool and freeze food - the equipment can easily turn into something useful. Particularly attractive for homemade is the body - the bulk and sturdy.
Here are some examples of successful use of the old refrigerator.You may have more interesting ideas.
The fantasy of the owners of old units knows no limits, and comfortable houses for dogs, air dryers, glaciers for the cellar, organizers for tools, smokehouse for fish and meat, dryer for fruits and vegetables are born.
It should be remembered that the freon that is not used for cooling must be pumped out with the help of special equipment, and not just released into the air.
Option # 4 - to scrap / for parts
Newspaper pages are full of ads about buying used equipment for spare parts. There are also scrap metal collection points where part of the parts can be attributed.
It would seem that you can disassemble the refrigerator and get at least a small benefit, but in practice everything happens differently.
To find out how appropriate it is to disassemble the unit, call the organization that made the announcement.Some companies accept only metal parts, others work only with legal entities.
In addition, the delivery of equipment in parts is unprofitable, because in the process of disassembly will have to remove the freon, and this is a paid procedure.
Thus, the entire refrigerator for disassembly can be accepted only when it is of some kind, that is, it can be repaired or disassembled into used spare parts. But more often buy only serviceable parts, and plastic is not needed by anyone.
Option # 5 - profitable to exchange for a coupon
An interesting solution is to buy a new model instead of an old one with a big discount. Promotions of this kind are sometimes held by large online stores, for example, Eldorado. Where did this practice come from?
After careful calculations and analysis of statistical data, we learned that Russians use 2-3 times more electricity than citizens of other countries. This is due to the use of old uneconomical equipment.
As a result of discussions of the problem that had arisen, it was decided by 2020 to remove about 39 million refrigerators and freezers from the population by exchanging for energy efficient models.
What does the consumer win? At a minimum, he receives as a gift a free export of the old unit, as a maximum - a discount of up to 10% (rarely more) on the new model.
From what side not to look, it is useful and profitable opportunity to update a kitchen arsenal and to utilize bulky waste.
Features of professional disposal
If you are lucky and in your city there is at least one company engaged in the collection and recycling of refrigerators, the disposal procedure is as follows:
- call to the company to apply;
- discussing the terms of payment, the conclusion of the contract;
- removal and transportation of equipment by employees of the enterprise;
- delivery to the warehouse or landfill, where freon is pumped out and subsequent disassembly;
- sorting of plastic, non-ferrous and other metals, electronics;
- pressing and shipment of waste to recycling plants.
At the enterprises for dismantling and pressing environmental standards are observed, therefore environmental pollution does not occur. The disposal process is carried out under the supervision of regulatory authorities.
As you can see, such enterprises do not produce a full-scale processing cycle - this is just a transshipment base.
But household appliances are dismantled, sorted, packaged and sent to the mills, where recycled materials are recycled and allowed for re-production.
Solving the problem abroad
Recycling recycling - a sphere in which we are far behind foreign countries. If you calculate the percentage of recycling in Russia, the results are depressing.
Responsible approach to the disposal of technical waste are Japanese. They have developed an effective recycling program, and they also pay a separate tax.
In Europe, schemes have been thought out, thanks to which the manufacturer is responsible for recycling - after the life of the product he takes the refrigerator and sends it for recycling.
In developed countries, special events are provided, for example, the annual collection of large-sized equipment. Old refrigerators are put on the street, and municipal transport collects them and takes them to processing plants.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
If you had to get rid of the old refrigerator, then you imagine the process of removal and transportation. Where the technology goes further, you can learn from the videos.
What happens at the processing plant:
How to get rid of bulky waste:
How does the free recycling program:
Unfortunately, the problem of disposal is not completely solved.Old refrigerators continue to appear from time to time on sites with garbage containers, and freon, thanks to irresponsible users, enters the atmosphere and destroys the ozone layer.To save nature and not to harm yourself, you should properly dispose of household appliances using only legal ways..