The scheme of water supply for a private house
You should not neglect such an important moment as drawing up the scheme of the water supply system. Do not make up excuses for yourself: I’ll only have to go to the kitchen and to the bathroom. Immediately, as soon as we decided to make the plumbing in a private house, draw a diagram of its laying around the house, taking into account all the elements: water consumers, collectors, boiler, filters and pump. Mark the location of all the elements and the path of laying pipes around the house. It is desirable to put on the distance scheme. This will greatly facilitate the task of calculating the number of pipes for water supply.
The pipe laying scheme can be performed in two ways:
- Consistent connection of consumers.
- Collector connection.
Serial connectionsuitable only for a small country house with a small number of water consumers, where 1 - 2 people live. For full-fledged country houses and cottages with permanent residence, such a system will not work. It consists in the following: water goes through the main pipeline throughout the house, a tee is placed next to each water consumer with a tap to his side.It turns out that if you use several consumers at the same time, there will be very low pressure on the most distant of them, which is not able to meet the needs.
Collector connectionconsists in assignment of separate pipes from the general collector to each consumer separately. This provides almost the same pressure at every point in the house. Of course, some pressure loss will still be associated with remoteness from the pumping station, but these losses are much less than with a serial connection.
The choice of collector distribution system significantly increases the cost of plumbing in a private house. Basically, due to a larger number of pipes. But it's worth it. Further we will consider the collector system.
Anyprivate house water supply schemeconsists of the following elements:
- Source of water intake (well, well).
- Pumping station. From the water source, a pipe is laid in the ground and supplied to the pump. Before connecting it to the pump, there should be a check valve to prevent water from returning.
- Hydroaccumulator in which water is pumped.
- After the accumulator on the outlet pipe, it makes sense to put a tee with a shut-off valve. One pipe will go for household needs, and another - for technical (garden, garden, car wash, etc.).
- A domestic water pipe is connected to a water treatment and water treatment system, as water from an underground source may contain harmful impurities.
- After filtering systems, a tee is installed with a separation into cold water and future hot water.
- The cold water pipe connects to the cold water collector. Here shut-off valves are installed on each line that will go to its consumer.
- The pipe for hot water is connected to the water heater.
- A hot water pipe from the water heater is connected to a hot water collector, from which pipes run all over the house.
Other additional elements may be present in the water supply system, but the typical scheme and connection sequence remain unchanged.