The personality cult of the leader, or What are totalitarian political regimes
Totalitarian political regimes are a wholesystem of methods, methods and methods for the implementation of two types of power - political and public. Their character is never directly indicated in the constitution of a particular state, but is reflected in their content in the most vivid manner.
The concept of a political regime in society
In general, this term appeared in the scientific community insecond half of XX century. It was used in conjunction with such concepts as the "political system" and "the relationship of power with civil society." There are several varieties of these modes:
Political regimes differ from each other on the basis of many factors. Among them:
- the essence of the state and its form;
- legislative character;
- powers vested in state bodies;
- economic forces;
- history of the people, its traditions;
- standards and living standards of the population.
General characteristics of the political regime
Any (including totalitarian) politicalregimes are determined by a kind of government. They should be distinguished from state regimes, since they do not do without methods of struggle and methods of realizing political power, proceeding not only from the state, but also from one or another political party or social organization. In addition, any political regime is characterized by certain relationships between civil society and the state, as well as by the volumes of freedoms and rights of individuals with a real possibility of their implementation. More specifically, we are interested in totalitarianism. Let us consider some of the signs of this regime.Signs of a totalitarian political regime
- This political regime is entirelyis based on the following methods of coercion: ideological, mental, physical. In other words, for such a regime, a characteristic feature is the forced coercion of the population of the state to various social orders, the models of which have been developed by a single political ideology.
- Party and state bodies in most cases merge with each other, forming an integral system of human management.
- Totalitarian political regimes on the basis of this or that law (nominally) establish various gradations of human rights.
- There is no separation of power, nor is therebodies of local self-government. In other words, under this regime, there is a monopoly on the power of a particular political party headed by a leader, with its spiritual and ideological values, reflected in the character of the whole state. The whole state is subordinated to one party, which, in turn, keeps the media and the seal "in the gloves of the flesh."
- The rights and freedoms of most citizens are virtually nonexistent, everything is imbued with a cult of personality (remember the reign of Joseph Stalin).
In addition, the totalitarian political regimes in society are characterized by the following distinctive features:
- constant and strict control of all spheres of society;
- The ruling elite is endowed with bottomless privileges, no one controls it;
- constant mass repression;
- very strict censorship in the media;
- The management of the economy acquires a centralized bureaucratic character.