The partial program is ... Harmonious development of the child's personality in the kindergarten
A partial program is an incomprehensible word for any mother who thinks about what her child does in the kindergarten. Nevertheless, there is nothing wrong with them.
The partial program is a part of preschool education, an integral part of the formation of the personality.
In addition to basic educational work, pedagogical activity includes additional, partial programs. What is it and what purpose does it pursue?
Partial programs in the DOW are classes and techniques aimed at developing fine motor skills, pure speech, the formation of an understanding of language and linguistic forms, the development of associative thinking.
What is the difference between a normal program and a regular program?
These programs are in addition to the main program for the development of children in kindergarten. Most often, tutors use whole methods created by the author or a group of authors. In the bookstore in the department of methodical literature you can find books with detailed descriptions.
A preschool educational institution may not use partial programs of preschool children. But then the child's life will become boring and not filled with developing games and activities, and he will not want to visit them.
Partial programs are good because they describe the methods already conducted by other educators and reflect their results. In some ways, similar programs can be trusted. In any case, the choice is made by the management and educators of the kindergarten.
What is the meaning of the partial program?
Partial educational programs direct children's attention to learning tools and interesting tasks. Creative activity and efficiency are welcome. In this unique period, when young children are literally receptive to everything in the surrounding world, creative games will help them, like nothing else.
The task of the kindergarten is to create an atmosphere of equality between children, giving each child the opportunity to develop without harming the psyche and health.
That is why the pedagogical activity is given so much attention. The more knowledge about the world the child will receive in kindergarten, the more he has the chance to adequately perceive the world around him, cope with the stresses in school and in later life. But a positive attitude begins to take shape only from three to four years. Therefore, the partial program is a chance for any child.
What are the partial programs?
Partial programs in the DOW are divided into several areas. Some of them suggest the study of folklore, fairy tales, fables, poems and epic heroes. This not only gives children an idea of the history, but also develops memory: excerpts from fables, counters and simple verses study easily and are an example for self-activity.
Mathematical programs introduce the simplest arithmetic operations and tasks to savvy, thus developing rational thinking.
In this list, you can also add theatrical activities aimed at studying theatrical skill. Even among preschool children, a simple circle can be extremely popular, if it is right to approach the organization of classes and the process of creating performances.
In addition, activity in kindergarten is also aimed at acquiring to the spiritual world, teaching rules of etiquette and courtesy.
Partial programs for GEF
Undoubtedly, the activities of kindergartens are regulated by federal standards. Particular programs on GEF presuppose that preschool education will be aimed at individualizing the classes, supporting the initiative and activity of children in all spheres, working with the family and helping the parents, and the active work of educators and other employees of the kindergarten to provide comfort in the kindergarten.
For each child, an individually selected partial program is important. GEF also allows you to organize it according to all the rules.
A preschool educational institution independently chooses educational programs, but they must comply with federal standards.
What exactly are the partial programs directed at?
The principles of partial programs are simple. There are several areas of education. They are used either individually or combined to achieve the best effect.
For example, ideas about everyday life, the culture of human habitation, household objects and materials from which they were made, the purpose and purpose of each object are imparted to the child. Gradually, there is not only an understanding of his place in the world, but also a desire to contribute to and take an independent active part in its study.
In the future, you can instill an idea of the measures of magnitude, mathematical entities, numbers, numbers, measures and volumes. It helps to systematize knowledge about the world around us in one system with other people.
Designing in the older group teaches us to distinguish colors and geometric shapes, create something on our own and experiment. The older the children, the harder the tasks become. But also more fun.
How does this activity affect children?
Kindergarten mode, as a rule, is chosen rationally: the child does not get tired, gets time to rest and play, without having any specific goal. But it is important to ensure that active games and activities are not the cause of stress.
You can not have a lesson so that one immediately followed another so that there is not even time to rest. Many parents engaged in upbringing sometimes show excessive zeal. They believe that kindergarten is not enough for a child, and therefore they take him to extra classes.
At this age, you do not need to forcibly impose any activities. Chronic fatigue for a child who has not yet started going to school is nonsense, but this is also possible if you overdo it with the educational process.
Can parents help?
The next of kin, mom and dad, take a variety of
deciding how much time their child spends in kindergarten. If they have enough opportunities to study independently, then it is not necessary to attend kindergarten. If you agree on this issue with the leadership, you can appear in the classroom only in the afternoon or, conversely, in the first.
The rest of the time, you can engage in raising a child yourself. The partial program is a good opportunity for parents. It is not necessary to become an expert in this field, but it is necessary to have an idea of what classes are held in kindergarten in order not to lose progress at home.
This is also useful for older children. For example, designing in the older group can lure not only children, but also parents. And what could be better than a joint game?
But even if in connection with work there is no time to practice a child during the day, you can devote it to a couple of hours in the evening.
What problems can a family encounter?
In addition to difficult family situations, such as the absence of a single parent or neglect, several other factors may interfere with the education.
First of all, it is important to remember that small children are very impressionable. And even when they live in an absolutely adequate, prosperous family, they may have problems. For example, among peers. Kindergarten teachers sometimes become victims of seemingly evil jokes at first sight. This does not bypass the children. Sometimes they are capable of immoral acts. If parents notice that their child has become isolated, does not want to talk about what happened in kindergarten or on a walk, this may be a sign that someone has been rude to him.
The words and actions of other children can lead to the creation of complexes that will literally interfere with living in an older age.
Evil tutors: myth or reality?
In addition, the child may experience shyness or even fear of one or another teacher. Kindergarten personnel are selected with inherent care. But each situation is individual.
Children's preschool educational institution should not leave a bad impression on a child.
Conversations and proceedings with management will only lead to excess nerves and stress. No matter how good partial programs in preschool, they will bring the child only discomfort if he sees the teacher of the enemy or the evil witch.