Sokolov Vladimir Nikolaevich, Russian Soviet poet: biography, personal life, creativity
Creativity of Vladimir Sokolov is aimed atan individual reader, not a mass one. Reading his poems, as if talking with your soul. The mass public did not appreciate and appreciate the importance of the poems of the poet, but connoisseurs and connoisseurs of literature treasure Vladimir Sokolov's volumes.
Sokolov Vladimir Nikolaevich is a Russian andSoviet poet, translator and essayist. He was born on April 18, 1928. Life and death Vladimir Nikolayevich met in Russia. The poet worked in the direction of "quiet lyrics", in Russian. The debut of creativity is the poem "In Memory of a Comrade". Sokolov Vladimir Nikolayevich was awarded the State Prize of Russia. A.S. Pushkin in 1995.
The poet's family
The boy was born in the Tver region (town of Likhoslavl) to the family of a military engineer and archivist, sister of the famous satirist of the 1920s-1930s Mikhail Kozyrev.
Kozyrev always interested in literature,so the family has some traditions. Antonina Yakovlevna, mother of the poet, loved A. Blok's work. An interesting fact is that she re-read the volumes of her favorite author while she waited for the child. This was done specially to instill in the child interest in literature, as the old beliefs maintain. Whether the volume of A. Blok, or the innate qualities of the poet, did their job.
The first literary steps
Sokolov Vladimir Nikolayevich began to write poetry in8 years of age. While studying in high school, Vladimir publishes several magazines together with his friend David Lange ("At dawn" (1946) and "XX century" (1944)). In the same period of time, the poet is fond of the literary circle of the talented poetess E. Blaginina. In the future, the young man will be admitted to the Literary Institute on the recommendation of E. Blaginin and L. Timofeev. Vladimir Nikolaevich entered the Institute in 1947 for a seminar of Vasily Kazin. In 1952 the young man graduated from the Literary Institute.
The Russian Soviet poet Sokolov published hisThe first poem "Commemorative comrade" on July 1, 1948 in the "Komsomolskaya Pravda." Young talent was immediately noticed by Stepan Shchipachev, who singled out the poet in the article "Notes on poetry". S. Shchipachev recommended Sokolov to the Union of Writers of the USSR.
The first printed book was published in 1953 under thethe name "Morning on the road." Sokolov himself wanted to head it as "Wings." Even Yevtushenko admitted that he sometimes used the lines of Vladimir Nikolayevich in his poems, and called him his teacher. The poet sometimes took part in popular then speeches of the sixties. Most often he tried to avoid public appearances, as his work "spoke" only alone with the reader, with his most intimate thoughts.
Translation from Bulgarian into Russian becameto interest the writer after he connected his life with the Bulgarian woman Henriette Popova. The translation took the poet deeply, and he devoted much time to him. Already in 1960 the world saw the book "Verses from Bulgaria".
In 1954, the poet fell in love with the beautiful Henriette,which graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy at Moscow State University. The girl was a little older than Vladimir Nikolayevich and was married. The easy love of young people developed into a real feeling, which prompted Henriette Popova to divorce her Bulgarian husband. It seemed that everything was going very well, the young people were happy. Very soon they had a beautiful son Andrey, and in a year and a half the world saw a baby Snezhana. In 1957, a young couple managed to get an apartment in a writers' house. In fact, it was a great luck and favor of fortune. After the birth of the children Henriett was engaged in teaching the Bulgarian language at the Literary Institute. M. Gorky. In the poetry of Sokolov, Bulgarian motifs began to appear more and more often - old churches, the river Topolnitsa, Rila Mountain, etc. Nobody could guess what surprises the fate of the Russian poet was preparing. Sokolov Vladimir Nikolayevich, whose personal life was not successful, managed to bear with pride all the blows of fate. In 1961, after 7 years of a happy marriage, his wife committed suicide. Sokolov was left alone with two children. Two women, the mother and the sister of the poet, helped bring up Andrei and Snezhan. It is worth noting that her sister also found her own literary path: Marina Sokolova was a prose writer.
Sokolov Vladimir Nikolaevich marries a second time. His chosen one is Marianna Rogovskaya, a philologist and literary critic. For a long time she headed the House-Museum of A. Chekhov in Moscow. Sokolov Vladimir Nikolaevich, whose biography had already been tainted by his wife's suicide, married for the third time. Now his choice was the old school friend Elmira, who had feelings for him from school. Elmira Slavygorodskaya fell in love with the poet for the torments he suffered, and he for understanding. Many poems by Sokolov were dedicated to Elmira. The woman made a lot of efforts in order to preserve the literary talent of Vladimir. Their joint life fell on a very difficult period for Vladimir Nikolayevich, of which he himself said: "There is no power to smile." Despite all this, Turgenev also wrote that love can lead to different feelings, but not gratitude. In 1966, the couple divorced. It happened calmly and without scandals. After the end of the divorce process, Sokolov wrote his famous poem "The Wreath".
The 50-60s of the last century were characterized by the fact,that a large number of innocently convicted people returned to the city. The whole community was very sympathetic to them and helped them as best they could. Yaroslav Smelyakov returned from prison after two "imprisonment". He quickly restored his reputation and received one of the leading positions in the Writers' Union. Vladimir Sokolov adored Smelyakov's work, admiring his poems and reciting them aloud.
Almost all of Moscow knew about the stormy novelHenrietta and Yaroslav Smelyakov. In ignorance, only the relatives of Vladimir Nikolayevich and himself remained. Sister V. Sokolova wrote in her memoirs that she does not understand what Smelyakov could conquer Bubu, because he was an evil and ugly person. But the fact remains that Henrietta fell head over heels in love with him. Perhaps it was because of the aura of martyrdom that Smelyakov surrounded himself, or because of his talented poems. Interestingly, Henrietta herself told her husband about his novel. She not only made him known, but devoted all the details. Sokolov begged her not to tell everything, but she kept talking ... It was a normal day, and Vladimir Nikolayevich went to work. His legs led him to the center of the city, and then to his home. He told the whole situation to his relatives, who were shocked by what had happened.
At this time, Henrietta went to the next houseto Smelyakov. The door was opened by his wife, and Yaroslav himself drove the girl out, cheerfully insulting her. Leaving the house, Henrietta forgot the keys, and on the threshold of her waiting for the guests. The neighbor, seeing this, invited everyone to her room. Bubu was put in another room, as she was not herself. When she was entered, the window was wide open, and Henriette herself was already dead.
Sokolov was not immediately told about this. He was taken to the hospital, where they reported the incident. Yuri Levitansky forced Vladimir Nikolaevich to drink a glass of vodka, but this did not help. For a few weeks, the widower just went blind. It is interesting that after this the Sokolov family was called from the KGB and informed that Vladimir Nikolayevich would be expelled from the Writers' Union, and that a car would pick him up to be taken to a psychiatric hospital. Not having time to recover from one shock, Sokolov's relatives were defeated to the other extreme. Sister quickly ran for the doctor, who confirmed the sanity of VN Sokolov. His first wife, the poet affectionately called Buba and often told his family that only she was his real soulmate.
Many of Sokolov's poems are dedicated to his native land. The most notable and bright are the following: "At the station", "Evening at home", "I spent my best years", "Star of fields" and "Outskirts".
Creativity and work of Sokolov were noticed andare appreciated. He did a great job not only as a writer, but also as a talented translator. In 1977, the writer became a Cavalier of the Order of Cyril and Methodius in Bulgaria. In 1983, Vladimir Nikolaevich became a laureate of the USSR State Prize, the International Prize of N. Vaptsarov, the International Lermontov Prize, and also the first laureate of the State Prize of Russia named after AS Pushkin. In addition, Sokolov Vladimir Nikolayevich owned many state awards of the USSR and Russia.
In 2002, the Central Regional Library in Likhoslavl was given the name of VN Sokolov. Also near the library there is a memorial stone for Sokolov.
Books by Vladimir Sokolov
Sokolov Vladimir Nikolaevich is a poet wholeft behind a great literary heritage. The publication of his books began in 1981 and lasted until 2007. In the books of the poet, the instantness and liberty of writing are clearly visible, which have become the card of Sokolov. He writes poems, in which different genres are combined: drama, lyric poetry, tragedy and epic. Books of the poet appeared quite rarely - one delicate collection in 4 years. This is due to the fact that he was very demanding and scrupulous about his work. The last years of the poet's life are full of tragic verses. The last book, published during his lifetime, was a collection of poems "Marianne Verses". At the end of the creative life, the translation from Bulgarian into Russian no longer brought the poet any joy.
In 2008, in order to perpetuate creativity and lifepoet Vladimir Sokolov, was filmed a documentary film "I was a poet on earth. Vladimir Sokolov ». The premiere of the film took place after the 80th anniversary of the poet's birth on the "Culture" TV channel. The plot line of the film unfolds in the dialogue of the widow of the poet Marianna Rogovskaya and his pupil Yuri Polyakov. The best poems of Sokolov are recited in the film. Also in the tape are the surviving fragmentary shots from the life of the poet.
In the last years of his life the author published twocollection: "Visit" in 1992 and "My most poems" in 1995. The last collection absorbed the volume of work Sokolov for half a century. But the "Visit" is full of thoughts of the author about the tragedy of the era and the moral necrosis of the population.
Sokolov lived on the Astrakhan lane and ina famous writer's house on Lavrushinsky Lane. The last years of his life the poet spent in Moscow. After the death of Buba, the whole family seemed to pursue evil fate. The poet began to drink heavily, and with his son there was a terrible tragedy. Soon the mother got very sick, Vladimir Nikolaevich had to climb into the window to give the mother a hotel. He died for natural reasons in the winter of 1997. The poet was buried at the Novokuntsevsky cemetery (Moscow).