Residency in the 2017-2018 year
In the course of fundamental changes in the field of medical education, the internship will be completely canceled, but the residency will remain in 2017-2018, but young professionals expect significant changes. Obtaining a medical specialization will now become more difficult and lengthy. There are substantial reasons for this, since the old system showed its low efficiency and the internship was only as a preparatory stage. In contrast to the residency, which lasts 2 years and, in fact, a full-fledged practice, especially necessary for the vast majority of narrow specializations. Roughly speaking, an internship is a year of work under supervision, which gives almost no practical results. Alas, but in real life everything is not as beautiful as in the television series of the same name.
Residency is a compulsory stage of study in 2017-2018
Residency is a compulsory stage of study, during which young professionals acquire the practical skills necessary to assist patients.It is especially important for physicians of narrow specialization (neurosurgeons, transplantologists and a number of others). There is no talk about the abolition of this stage of receiving medical education, and significant changes will allow to prepare highly qualified specialists.
Due to the fact that the internship will be canceled, changes in the field of medical education will also affect residency. Previously, medical students of their own choosing went to internship for 2 years or to residency for 1 year. In some cases it was required to undergo both internship and residency, therefore, from 1 to 3 years were added to the university preparation.
Today, the Government wants to make serious reforms in the field of medical education. According to the new rules, students will not need to undergo an internship. Innovations operate from the school year, which began in 2016 - recruitment to internship is completely stopped. Now, after the completion of the institute, a student who has received a diploma has the right to work as a therapist at a clinic.
To continue training in a narrow specialty, a young physician first needs to work a certain time as a therapist, and then go to an internship, but for this you need to pass accreditation and confirm your qualification.
The main changes in the residency in the 2017-2018 year
Beginning in 2017, those who wish to go to the residency program will have the following changes:
- Young specialists will not be able to go to the residency right after the institute, since it will be necessary to work a certain time as a therapist in the clinic.
- The term of training in residency will last on average 1-2 years, and for some specialties (for example, a neurosurgeon, a plastic surgeon) - 5 years.
- The residency will be focused exclusively on practical skills in the chosen specialization.
- Only qualified specialists who have passed accreditation will be allowed to attend residency training.
- The number of places in certain specialties will be reduced, and there will be no additional places.
Since the reforms on changes in medical education are not fully developed, now there are many inaccuracies and ambiguities. It is known that the selection of the residency will be much tougher, so it will be more difficult to pass. According to some experienced doctors, for certain categories may enter benefits. Such categories may include honors pupils, winners of various contests, orphans and so on, but so far this item is not provided in the legislative base.
Initially, the officials decided that doctors after the institute must work 1 year in the clinic. Today, news about the residency 2017-2018 years write that young professionals will need to work at least 3 years. And although this information is increasingly found in the press, there is no official confirmation. The obligation to work for several years in the clinic will solve the problem of shortage of therapists at the sites.
New challenges and obstacles
In addition to the fact that future residents will need to work out a certain time by a therapist, they will face tighter selection. Those who wish to continue their studies will need to undergo accreditation to confirm their qualifications, the process will consist of several stages:
- Test items. It is planned that several hundreds or even thousands of test tasks will be developed to test the basic knowledge of physicians. They will be in the public domain, which will allow to prepare effectively.
- Exam. The next step will be passing a written exam in the specialty.
- Interview with experts. At the final final stage, candidates must have an interview with a professor, candidate or doctor of science.
At each stage, weaker specialists will be screened out, and only highly qualified specialists will be allowed to the next. In addition, residency training will be quite expensive, although the cost will depend on the region, prestige and accreditation of the university, specialty and other factors. The price will be at least 2 times higher than regular university tuition.
Changes in the medical field are aimed at solving the main problem - the lack of general practitioners and highly specialized doctors in various regions. Inpatient treatment will be redirected to the maximum outpatient.