Note that in the novel by M. A. Bulgakov “The Master and Margarita” states: “... cowardice is undoubtedly one of the most terrible vices ... No, a philosopher, I object to you: this is the most terrible vice” (Ch. 26 “The Burial”) .
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MORAL-MORAL ASPECTS OF THE FIGHT AGAINST EVIL: ABOUT THE FRAILY RESISTANCE TO EVIL
Resistance to evil in all spheres of human existence requires a certain COURAGE, and sometimes considerable. In other words, it requires overcoming the fear of possible negative consequences in mortality, which can be very serious as a result of the fight against evil.
Resistance to evil in all spheres of human existence requires a certain COURAGE, and sometimes considerable. In other words, it requires overcoming the fear of possible negative consequences in mortality, which can be very serious as a result of the fight against evil. For the people of the fallen world usually have a very negative attitude towards the people of the Kingdom of Heaven, who are going to the Kingdom and simply - to those who defend the truth.
This is because the world lying in evil (1 John 5:19) is hostile to the Kingdom of Heaven in its spiritual orientation, does not accept Him, is opposite to Him and is incompatible with Him . How incompatible truth and falsehood, righteousness and sin, the laws of the kingdom and the laws of the fallen world! "And everyone who lives according to the laws of this world becomes, accordingly, hostile to everyone who lives by the Kingdom and testifies about it ... And people living according to the laws of the fallen world ... want to get rid of such people, want them to disappear from of the world and from their lives simply because they are different. Because they bring into the world and into their own life something that will destroy the existing order of things, outside of which the fallen man does not think himself ... And, until a person wants to change himself, until he wants to get rid of the power of that evil ,in which the fallen world lies, he will react to the witnesses of the kingdom like a predator to a victim. Not out of any personal motives, but simply according to the law of this world ”(1).
According to st. Anthony the Great: “The time will come when people will be mad, and if they see anyone who is not mad, they will stand up against him and say:“You are crazy”—because he is not like them. " King and Prophet Solomon writes:“The righteous comprehend what the deeds of the wicked would deserve, and with the wicked sometimes what the deeds of the righteous would deserve”(Eccles. 8:14)According to the Apostle Paul: “All who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will be persecuted. But evil people and deceivers will prosper in evil, misleading and deceiving ”(2 Tim. 3: 12,13). Writer and poet Fazil Iskander says: “How often smart people do not understand the conscientious. The apparatus of conscience is thinner than the apparatus of the mind. ”
Therefore, “malready—this is faithfulnessGod, opposing the forces of evil, which, without such opposition, ceases to be itself ”(38). The Apostle Paul teaches that “he who fears is not perfect in love” (1 John 4: 18).In the Revelation of John the Theologian THE PARTICIPATION OF THE FAITHFUL,—"In a lake that burns with fire and brimstone,"as well as infidels, nasty, murderers, fornicators, sorcerers, idolaters, and liars. ” In this case, BKnock here are on the first place. This can be explained as follows. IfTHE POWER OF LAND'S POWER EXCEEDS THE FEAR OF GOD, whose significance is very great, then man is no longer guided by the commandments of God, but by the desires of power. At the same time, the fear of God loses its power and ceases to direct the person. As a result, such a person develops spiritual metastases that hinder spiritual development, and the connection with Christ is interrupted. And the spiritual death- DISCONNECTING THE SOUL WITH GOD.
Archimandrite Rafail (Karelin) writes that the old man, the schiigumen Savva (Ostapenko), answered the question: “What is the most dangerous passion, and what sin is the most destructive?”, Answered: “Cowardice and fearfulness. Such a person always lives a dual, false life. He can not bring a good deed to the end, always, as it were, maneuvers between people. In the timid crooked soul; if he does not conquer this passion in himself, then, suddenly, under the influence of fear, he can become an apostate and a traitor ”(cited in 2).
Svt. Gregory the Theologian says: “It’s all the more terrible to be afraid of something more than God, and to this fear the servant of truth to become a traitor to the teachings of faith and truth!” (Cited in 3).
Priest Valery Dukhanin notes that “courage is a truly Christian virtue. In particular, Saint Ambrose of Milan distinguishes two manifestations in the virtues of courage: courage in the exploits of the military and courage in private and everyday life. In the first case, courage is the determination and ability to fulfill the demands of justice. In the second, courage is the greatness and strength of the spirit, the highest degree of self-control, in which a person conquers sins and passions, and keeps calm in any life adversity.
Virtue courage is twofold - it manifests itself in the eradication of evil within himself and in the eradication of evil in the world around us. Actually, only with courage, can one show active love for one’s neighbors, saving them from troubles and life's troubles ”(cited under 3).
Let us cite on this issue the statements of the venerable Optina elders: “You only need to be afraid of sins. But the fearful, it is said in the Holy Scriptures, God does not love. No one should be fearful, cowardly, but should put hope in God. Why God does not love the timid, cowardly? Because they are close to despondency and despair, and this- mortal sins. The fearful and coward on the edge of the abyss ... "(St. Varsophonius)(4: 431 with reference to 5); “Fear causes great harm: the body relaxes from discouragement and deprivation of calm. And without a disease, an illness happens ”(St. Macarius) (4: 426 with reference to 6); “The courageous souls are not afraid of anyone and nothing but the One God ...” (St. Anthony) (4: 427 with reference to 6); "Saint David says:the angel of the Lord shall be about to fear him.(Ps. 33: 8) Therefore, do not be wary of suspicious people, for whoever fears God is not afraid of either thieves or swindlers ... ”(St. Anthony) (4: 427 referring to 6); "Fear- as a manifestation of non-belief in one's strength. Courage - as a manifestation of hope for the omnipotent power of God and help ”(St. Nikon)(4: 431with reference to 6).
Note that in the novel by M. A. Bulgakov "The Master and Margarita" states:"... cowardice is undoubtedly one of the most terrible vices ... No, a philosopher, I object to you: this is the most terrible vicel 26 “Burial”
Thus, the ORDERNESS,which Fazil Iskander considers feasible "in any conditions under any authority" and which "does not presuppose heroicity", yet often requires GREAT COURAGE and SOLISIBILITY.Indeed, if, for example, during the times of Stalin’s repressions, someone, preserving decency, did not sign a letter calling to declare a decent person “the enemy of the people”, then this someone would have become “the enemy of the people”. With all the ensuing consequences for him and his family. And this happens in all dictatorial regimes, especially in times of mass obscurantism, initiated by these regimes. For the “truth” here is only what benefits the dictator. Everything else is declared false, criminal and harmful to the people. Therefore, decency under such conditions and such power is peculiar only to very courageous people. In other words, “non-participation in meanness” in some cases presupposes exactly the HUMANITY of ACT.
Also of note is the significant difference between people who do wrong because of:
- FAMILY TO LOSE THE LAST, or because of the fear of reprisals against themselves and their loved ones, and at the same time SHADOW CONSCIOUS of the unrighteousness of their act under the influence of circumstances;
- PREVENTIONS TO LOSE THE MORE AND WISHING to increase its size and, at the same time, LUCK, EXPLAINING their unrighteousness by external circumstances;
- DESIRES TO PRESERVE AND ENHANCE YOUR SOCIAL AND MATERIAL POSITION, regardless of moral and spiritual prohibitions, and ready HOLOPSKI and on their own initiative to praise and praise their master (authorities and authorities);
-irrepressible desire for lust of power, avarice, popularity, lust and fear of losing everything EXTRA,acquired by unrighteous ways. And at the same time EVILLY PROTECTINGhis position and wealth, and quite AGGRESSIVELY FITTED against any righteous denunciations.
1. The site "BIBLE - CENTER". Thoughts aloud on Luke. 10: 3. Published 08/24/2017. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://www.bible-center.ru/note/20170824/main.
2. Priest Valery Dukhanin. Article "Resistance to evil by force." Site "Meeting with Orthodoxy", November 3, 2014. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode:
3. Archbishop Theophanes of Poltava (Bystrov). Word on the day of the holy first Apostles Peter and Paul. The ABC of Faith website. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode: https://azbyka.ru/otechnik/Feofan_Bystrov/slova/.
4. Symphony on the works of the Rev. Optina Elders. In 2 tons. T. 2. P – Z. - M .: DAR, 2009.
5. Rev. Nikon (Belyaev). The Diary 1907-1919
6. The edifying teachings of the Rev. Optina Elders. Ed.Vvedenskaya Optina Desert, 2000.
7. The site "BIBLE - CENTER". Thoughts aloud on Heb. 10: 35. [Electronic resource]. - Access mode:http://www.bible-center.ru/ru/note/20160605/main
“Friendship with the world is enmity against God! So, whoever wants to be a friend of the world, he becomes an enemy of God ”(James 4: 4); “For the wisdom of this world is foolishness before God ...” (1 Cor. 3: 19); “Do not love the world, nor what is in the world: if anyone loves the world, there is no love of the Father in that; for all that is in the world: the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not from the Father, but from the world (this). And the world passes, and his lust, but he who fulfills the will of God abides forever ”(1 John 2: 15-17). “If the world hates you, know that it hated me before you. If you were of the world, the world would love its own; but because you are not of the world, but I have chosen you from the world, therefore the world hates you ”(John 15: 18,19).
“But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake, burning with fire and sulfur. This is the second death ”(Rev. 21: 8).
Fear of god—the beginning of wisdom (Psalm 110: 10; Prov. 1: 7; 9:10; 15: 33); true wisdom (Job 28:28); the beginning, the fullness, the crown and the root of wisdom (Sir. 1: 15, 16, 18, 20); removes from evil(Prov. 16: 6); leads to life(Prov. 19: 23); is a secretweed(Is. 33: 6); drives away sins (Sir. 16:21).
 “A person must be decent, it is possible in any conditions under any authority. Decency does not imply heroism, it implies non-participation in meanness ”(Fazil Iskander).