News and changes to the FIU in 2017
Pension Fund of Russia (PFR) in 2017expects a number of changes, some of which can hardly be called positive. The last two years have become a real test for the Russian economy, which negatively affected the state of the FIU.
Thus, according to analysts, in 2016 the fund's deficit will reach 175 billion rubles, and in 2017 it will even exceed this figure. In such circumstances, the government is forced to make unpopular decisions and implement scenarios of budget savings.
FIU in crisis realities
The pension system of the Russian Federation fully felt the negative impact of the crisis. The main problem that was “exposed” in the current economic realities was the lack of stable sources of financing for the FIU.
Previously, this issue was not raised, as long as the price of oil was kept at over $ 100 per barrel, financial “infusions” were provided with super-profits from the export of “black gold”. However, a sharp drop in quotations led to an increase in the budget deficit, which made the state’s fulfillment of social obligations more difficult.
Taking into account the current situation, the government decided to postpone the reform of the pension system until better times (which, judging by the statements of politicians, should take place in 2017), and take up the implementation of anti-crisis measures. Refusing to introduce deep structural changes, officials made several decisions aimed at saving budget funds, including through pensions.
What to expect in 2017
As part of budget cuts, the government may resort to another “freezing” of the funded part of the pension. This measure saves funds from the budget by reducing transfers to the FIU. For the first time, the decision to suspend the formation of the funded part of pensions was made in 2013 and since then it has been extended three times. Since the beginning of 2016, the government has been discussing the issue of the fourth “freeze” for 2017.
Officials say that such a measure will save up to 400 billion rubles for the budget, plus it will balance the pension system. Already traditionally, the funds received through the “freeze” will be used to pay insurance pensions.
Analysts call such an initiative “patching up holes”, which, although it saves budget money, does not solve the problem of finding sources of financing for the PFR.Moreover, it undermines citizens' confidence in the pension system.
The indexation of pensions in 2017 also remains in question. According to the current legislation, pension payments should be indexed in accordance with the level of inflation, but in the current economic realities it has proved difficult to follow this principle.
So, in February 2016, the size of pensions was raised by only 4%, while by the end of 2015, inflation reached 12%. According to officials, if the economic situation stabilizes in the near future, then another stage of indexation will be carried out.
However, even in this case, an increase in pension payments is unlikely to catch up with inflation. In addition, the government approved a waiver of indexation of pensions for working pensioners. Most likely, this ban will be in effect in 2017.
The issue of raising the retirement age is also controversial. This topic has been repeatedly raised in the government, but they have not yet made a concrete decision. Officials say that raising the retirement age is essential, otherwise the FIU will not be able to cope with obligations and will increasingly depend on other sources of funding.At the same time, the State Duma understands that this decision will hit hard on the least protected segments of the population, so its adoption was postponed for 5-6 years before the country's economy stabilized.
Introduction of a single social insurance premium
One of the most significant changes in 2017 will be the replacement of contributions to the Social Insurance Fund (FSS) and the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation for a single social insurance contribution (ESSS). New tax companies and entrepreneurs will need to transfer to the Federal Tax Service (FTS), which in 2017 will be transferred to the functions of its administration.
The advantages of this innovation can be attributed to the reduction of payments for contributions. Now, in order to transfer all contributions, it is necessary to fill out 4 bills: 2 to the FIU - on contributions for medical and pension insurance, and 2 more to the FSS - on contributions to injuries and social insurance. With the introduction of ECCS in 2017, the number of "papers" will be reduced to 1. This will reduce the labor costs for filling out the documentation and reduce the risk of making mistakes in payment orders.
Another advantage is unified reporting. Since the contribution will be only one, t and the report will need to be submitted only to the FTS.
This initiative has some minuses.So, with the entry into force of the ECCS, control over contributions will be tightened. For checks will be responsible tax officers together with employees of the FSS and the FIU. At the same time, decisions on the accrual of fines and penalties will be made by representatives of the funds, and the tax authorities will be engaged in collecting debts.
It should be noted that the preparation of registers of contributors and the reconciliation of calculations to the FTS should be carried out by mid-May 2016, and in January 2017 - calculate the size of arrears, fines and penalties as of January 1.
In 2017, the long-awaited initiative to create a unified register of persons with disabilities will be implemented, which will speed up and simplify the provision of public services. The registry operator will be the FIU.
The agency will create a unified database of information on citizens with disabilities, which will be available to all authorities responsible for their social security. Thus, people with disabilities will be able to receive proper public services without providing supporting documents.
Now the FIU is collecting data on people with disabilities from various federal and extrabudgetary funds, then all information will be streamlined in a single registry.It is assumed that the registry will work in early 2017.
Today, the officials cannot give an unequivocal answer to the question of what will happen to the FIU in 2017. It is obvious that the pension system needs deep reform and the search for stable sources of financing. However, in the present conditions it is impossible, because during the economic downturn all the forces of the government are thrown on the implementation of anti-crisis measures. Improve the situation in the field of security can only restore economic growth.