MAZ-206: technical specifications. Engine MAZ-206
Bus city type MAZ-206 was developed andlaunched in series production in 1996 at the Minsk Automobile Plant. The need to create a model for transporting people on in-city routes has long been ripe, since after the cessation of Hungary's delivery of the famous "Ikarus" all major cities in the CIS countries remained virtually without public transport.
Minsk experts signed with the Germanbus concern "Neoplan" license contract for the production of buses under its own brand. After a while, the base model MAZ-103 was created. Then we developed a few more modifications, oriented to passenger traffic in the city. Machines began to be successfully used in Russia, Ukraine and in Belarus itself.
In 2006 at the Moscow Motor Show wasa new modification is presented - a passenger bus for city routes MAZ-206, the technical characteristics of which differed from the usual ones. It was a low-floor type vehicle for carrying a limited number of passengers. The bus was designed at the rate of low loading and could not load the cabin to the full. Its characteristics were suitable for transportation of official use and VIP trips. To work on busy urban routes required a different, more powerful technique.
Low-floor model MAZ-206 with a cumulativea platform in the central part of the salon was successfully operated on lines with an average passenger traffic intensity. Automatic sliding platform made the bus an indispensable mode of transport for people with disabilities and patients, chained to a wheelchair.
The total number of seats in the cabin is 25chairs, the bulk of which is located in the back of the bus. In front there are only five seats, all the rest space is intended for standing passengers and wheelchairs. In total, the bus can accommodate 72 people, but this is only theoretically. In fact, such a download is never allowed.
The seats in the cabin are comfortable, two types: semi-soft with a local upholstery fabric and velor type Ster high-comfort, Polish-made.
The body of the model MAZ-206 is all-metal,bearing, wagon type. The frame is assembled from box profiles, which are welded together and form a light and solid construction. After that, the base is lined with sheet galvanized iron, so the walls and roof are obtained. The front end of the machine and the entire rear part are fiberglass.
For gluing windows into window openings manufacturerapplies special technologies that significantly increase the rigidity of the entire structure. The windshield is made of a triplex, and all the other windows, including the reclining windows, are made of heat-absorbing hardened glass material.
The MAZ-206 bus is equipped with two doorswing design, having a maximum glazing area. Each leaf is reinforced with diagonally placed handrails. The bus is equipped with a special safety device that blocks traffic when the door is open, shutting off the engine.
A spacious driver's seat in the base versioncomplete sets are separated from the salon. In the right part of the partition there is a special window through which you can take the fare as well as issue tickets.
The driver's seat of MAZ-206 is equipped withfairly rational and thoughtful. All controls, including auxiliary ones, are in sight, the instruments are perfectly illuminated, the chair with good ergonomic characteristics is equipped with a headrest and is regulated in height and in the longitudinal plane. The steering column produced by the German company ZF can also be understood and lowered, if necessary.
The engine is in the back of the bus, itsthe layout allowed to abandon the traditional portal bridge. Rear axle - with the arrangement of reducers in the center, leading. The engine is controlled by a complex system of traction rods that transmit the driver's commands to the accelerator, gearshift levers and semi-axle gearboxes. The brake system of the MAZ-206 is pneumatic, equipped with an anti-lock braking system ABS.
The bus has a good after-sales service,MAZ-206 spare parts, which may be required for repair, are included in the price of the car in advance, but only in the minimum nomenclature. Nevertheless, this is an additional incentive to attract buyers.
The MAZ-206 engine, which is installed onbus, German-made, firm "Mercedes-Benz", capacity from 178 hp It is adapted for movement on city streets with frequent overdrive and other non-standard loads. The indisputable advantage of this motor is its compliance with environmental requirements according to the "Euro-4" and "Euro-5" standards. In addition, this power unit is equipped with a Webasto device, a heater for starting in the cold season.
For those wishing to use the budget optionit is proposed to install a motor of the brand MMZ. This power unit of local production has a capacity of 154 liters. from. and meets the ecological norms of "Euro-2". And for those buyers who are not going to save, the manufacturer can offer the engine "Daimler-Chrysler." All engines consume approximately the same amount of fuel per hundred kilometers, namely 17-22 liters. And if you consider that the capacity of the MAZ-206 fuel tank is 140 liters, the bus can carry passengers during the whole working day without refueling.
MAZ-206 for OMSI
The bus successfully runs through the streets of cities indifferent countries. In addition, MAZ-206 is a member of the OMSI, computer game. In fact, this is a common simulator, but with a good positioning. A full set of options is offered, the car moves along the route, the traffic situation is constantly changing, the quick engine allows maneuvering.