Maiden grapes in the gardening of the suburban area

Ideal plant for decoration of gardenor country plot is the girlish maiden. With its help, you can easily give an impeccable look to a brick fence or a dead wall of a country house. Any kind of ugly structure comes to life right before our eyes, when its branches are covered by the branches of the girlish virgin. Do not think that this is its decorative properties are not exhausted. Gardeners use a plant to decorate arches or pergolas. Moreover, the beautiful palm-dark green leaves of this plant will help create a coolness in the arbor, which is so indispensable on a hot summer day. Due to special tendrils, the girlish maiden is attached to any support. It is quite easy to do this.

Maiden Grapes: Planting

This garden plant is universal and perfectunpretentious to the conditions of growth. No frost, intensity of growth, power and strength of trunks with girlish grapes can compete with any plant for decorating the country plot. Usually, in an artificial environment, the liana grows very quickly, so you can not do without special supports and ropes.

For the cultivation of this magnificent gardenplants do not have to make much effort, because it is absolutely not exacting to the mineral composition of the soil and grows well on any type of soil. It develops well on sunny areas, but it also feels good in shading.

Separate shoots must be planted witha gap of at least one meter in a previously prepared fossa of about 60 cm deep. At its bottom, you can lay a layer of drainage from sand or broken gravel, and on top of it - fill the groove with a soil mixture. When planting the grapes, note that its root neck should not rise above the soil.

In additional irrigation garden culture does not need, except for dry summers.

Crown formation

In the first two or three years, the girlish girl will not givelush crown, because at this time, basically develops the root system. However, in the following time, active growth of lianas begins, which in a short time with their leaves will overtake the exposed supports. The need for them will disappear as the plant appears with tendrils with tenacious suckers at the tips. In general, over a year a young shoot can stretch to a height of two to three meters. Therefore, it is initially very important to properly form their crown. For this purpose, you can use the usual garden pruner. To obtain a uniform density of plants, it is necessary to cut off individual stems at a low height from the soil level, and direct the young shoots in the desired direction and fix them on the support. The main thing is not to allow the stinging and stunting of shoots until this time. All excess lashes are to be removed. They must be cut above the kidney, which must necessarily be healthy.

After the formation of the main lashes, you canto proceed to sanitary and restraining pruning of damaged and old branches. If you leave the plant without proper care, then the strengthened and entrenched girlish grapes will turn into uncontrolled green thickets, which can not be unraveled, much less cultivated. It will be necessary to cut it off from the root itself and start growing again, so it is not worth it to postpone pruning for a long time.

Maiden Grapes: Reproduction

Garden crop very easily multiplies both by stem, and stubby cuttings, as well as by seeds and layers. Suitable for this time of the year is autumn or spring.

You can also get young shoots from the seeds. During the autumn planting, the seed should be stratified 3-4 days before being placed in the soil, and in the spring - about a month. Soaked seeds are laid out in the soil to a depth of about 1 cm.

When propagating cuttings, it is better to use stubby shoots, as they are better to take root. Disembarkation of green grass is a more troublesome business.

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