Jewish New Year or Rosh Hashanah in 2019
In the Jewish canonical tradition, as in the Muslim, which is interesting, most of the holidays are celebrated from evening to evening. What is not surprising, because if in other cultures the day begins in the morning (astronomical, naturally, from the night, specifically, from 24:00), then it is customary for Jews to start the day from sunset.
In addition, there is one important feature - there is a very special calendar, a kind of fusion of the lunar and solar, which has become a kind of bridge between the natural tradition of the people and the modern realities of the surrounding world.
In fact, the calendar in Israel is officially adopted lunar, but with additional months correcting the differences between it and the Gregorian. Therefore, it is logical that the Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah) falls on different dates every year.
But, if in the calendar of Islam, which simply passes a pseudo-year, from an astronomical point of view, the cycle continues to use its next month without interruption,the tradition adopted by the Jews to use additional months allows each year to approximately guess, if not with the exact date, but at least with the season. Which, of course, is very healthy, because many holidays have an agricultural basis or specific dates of historical events linked to seasonality.
As a result, the Jewish New Year always happens in the fall, and in 2019 it will be time from the evening of September 30 to the evening of October 1.
Background of the holiday
The Orthodox Jews, of course, know that it is on this date - the 1st of Tishrei (the first month of the year) that 5779 will come. Completely different from the Western tradition, the numbering dates back to ancient antiquity, when Jesus was adopted by the Son of God as Christianity, and it was his date of birth that was chosen as the starting point of our era, but Judaism took it only as a next prophet, and believes that the Messiah is still not our land attended, in principle.
Interestingly, but the Tanach ascribes to Aviv (Nisan) the palm in the annual cycle - this, by the way, is the month of the Egyptian outcome. But Tishrei - the seventh in a row, gives in his first day honoring the "sacred assembly."This is one of the largest and most significant holidays for the people, according to the canons of which one should attend service in the synagogue, trumpet the shofar, calling for the flock to repent and marking the call for divine judgment, sacrifice and, of course, rest.
It seems to be a mismatch: Tanakh says that the first month is Nisan, and we are celebrating the New Year in Tishrei? In fact, there is only confusion in the application of concepts to Western psychology: the first is not always the first in its name and in meaning. And one more importance of Tishrei is that it is from him that the most important jubilee and Sabbath years are counted, the agricultural calendars are repelled and a connection is established with the reign of the non-Jewish kings.
Despite the fact that a new life free of slavery began for the Jewish people in Nisan, a number of rabbis believed that peace was created in Tishrei (Adam and Khava, and the covenant was not a forbidden fruit, followed by expulsion from paradise) and besides, on the first day of this month God judges the world.
It is also believed that in Rosh Hashanu Noah came down from the ark when the flood ended, Rachel, Sarah and Hannah found out that they were pregnant, and Yitzhak was sacrificed in a biblical story.
It is on this day in heaven that decisions are made to die and to whom to stay alive, and with this prayer in him one can influence this decision. This is the day of repentance and self-examination, a report to God for all his deeds and thoughts last year, the day when a person decides how he will correct all mistakes further, and what he will do on the way to becoming a righteous man.
Ten days after Rosh Hashanah are called “Ten Days of Repentance,” and at the end they are followed by the culmination of Yom Kippur.
Rosh Hashanah is not only a philosophical annual milestone, it is also a very cheerful holiday for the Jewish people, because its essence is that God is just, kind and gracious to people, and wishes them only well-being.
Rosh Hashanah Traditions
On the first evening, a festive meal begins with eating a round challah, which is usually dipped in honey, after the food has been blessed. This will make the next year "sweet." Often, besides bread and honey, they also eat apples with the same product for the same purpose.
Afternoon (every other day, if the first day of the holiday fell on Saturday), Jews try to follow the Tashlich rite - gather around any source of water (sea, stream, river, etc.), read Jewish biblical texts, sing prayers and penitential hymns.
Otherwise, the Orthodox Jew tries to spend the entire holiday in prayer, for which he goes to the synagogue, where ten canonical texts about God the King must be heard, ten about the all-remembering God, and ten about the shofar.
Prayer in the morning, by the way, begins with the fact that they blow it. And everyone who hears it will be happy next year.
In general, a special role is given to festive feasts in Rosh Hashanu: in addition to bread and apples, honey always tastes stuffed fish as a symbol of fertility, and decorates it with carrot slices - a symbol of money.
The tradition to serve pomegranate grains in order to increase the merits of each person who tasted them, fruits and vegetables, as a symbol of fertility, is also firm. In general, the main principle of the Jewish New Year is the variety in dishes. It does not matter whether it will be expensive and exotic, the main thing is that everything should be meaningful and everything should be plenty. Any meal on all three days of Rosh Hashanah should take place with the family, with the indispensable accompaniment of the meal with the warmest wishes that are pronounced in order of seniority, starting with the head of the family.
If you want to please an orthodox Jew, you should definitely wish him that day to “get into the Book of Life”: in this book God allegedly prescribes for the next year for each person what events he will have to go through after evaluating his affairs in the year outgoing. But, if the records are missing, it means that the person will soon die ...
With regard to clothes, it is believed that snow-white outfits contribute to spiritual cleansing - this symbol of sincerity and the deepest desire to repent, to become better, must certainly be present in appearance. It is also important not to forget about helping the poor - the distribution of alms is the cornerstone attribute of the holiday. Indeed, only in this case in the coming year God will be on your side.