Is the soul dying?
The soul is a complex concept, the explanation of whichis given in religion, philosophy, psychology. Under this word we understand the inner world of a person, his moral qualities, and the divine essence. The concept of the soul has become one of the most important in the world culture, as well as the question of its immortality. Before deciding whether a soul can die, it is worth looking into the depths of history.
Ancient concepts of the soul
The first ideas about the soul (animism - from the Lat. anima (soul)) formed in a primitive society. Then there were concepts about the double of a person leaving the body for a time (in a dream, with meditations) or forever (death).
In ancient Egypt, it was believed that the righteousTo a person, the god Osiris can bestow eternal life after death, and the soul of the deceased will return to the body. Therefore, it was the custom to embalm bodies to ensure their safety at the time of the return of the soul.
Myths of Ancient Greece tell about the kingdom of Hades(god of the underworld), where the souls fall. Those who commit crimes will suffer forever, and the rest, having drunk water from the Lethe river, will forget about the earthly life. It was in Greece (6th century BC), in the writings of philosophers, that the first materialistic ideas about the soul were formed.
Soul in world religions
The concept of the soul is in many world religions. Thus, in Hinduism, the jiva (immortal soul) is freed from suffering and earthly life after a series of incarnations in new bodies (reincarnation). And for the bad deeds will be given the body of the animal. And only having attained full virtue and renunciation of material desires will attain immortality, merging with the Great God Brahma, and will be freed from earthly existence.
In the Japanese religion, Shintoism (Shinto is the path of the gods)the soul exists after death, but can be embodied in living beings and in objects. Souls of the deceased (spirits) provide help to the living, and even gods are considered mortal.
Chinese Taoism preached the impossibility of the existence of a soul without a body. Hence the need to strive for physical immortality in life. Those who have attained immortality live in another time dimension.
The doctrine of the immortality of the soul
The largest religions (Judaism, Christianity, Islam) in question: is the soul dying? - absolutely solidary. These confessions recognize the soul as independent of the body by the immortal essence created by God.
- Judaism. In Judaism, the idea of salvation and the arrival of the Messiah the savior arose. He will make a righteous judgment for people's affairs: the wicked will go to Avadon, and the righteous will fall into the bosom of Abraham.
- Islam. Faith in the afterlife (ahireth) is inherent in Islam. When a person dies, his soul is taken away by the angel of death of Azrael and places him in the waiting place until the Day of Judgment. After the judgment of Allah, the righteous will enter paradise (al-Gianna), and sinners - into hell (jahannam).
- Christianity. Christianity claims that after the death of a soul, after going through 20 stages of tollings, where he will keep an answer for the committed sins, he will face the Lord for 40 days, and determine his destiny (hell or paradise). And the doctrine of saving the soul implies that at the Last Judgment the soul will be given the opportunity to connect with the body (eternal life). Therefore, the idea of reincarnation is alien to this religion.
- The science. Attempts at scientific proof of the existence of the soul have been undertaken repeatedly. The data of encephalograms, the results of weighing the body before and after death, evidence of people who survived a clinical death were used. However, these data are not recognized as reliable.