How to write Roman numerals on a computer keyboard: how to type Roman numerals in a Word using ASCII codes and English letters?
To meet the Roman numeral in our writing is not uncommon. They are often used to write centuries, they are added to the names of great people, even some official documents have Roman numerals in their names (Decision of the 6th convocation session). Since the writing of texts by hand in our time is no longer practical, many PC users face a problemHow to dial Roman numerals on the keyboard?It turns out that everything is not as difficult as it seems at first glance, and this article will prove that it is easy and simple to write Roman numerals in a document typed on a computer.
The main thing in the article
Roman numeral, like the number system of the ancient Romans
Roman numerals were seen by everyone, but few know why they have such an unusual appearance with repeating chopsticks, birds and crosses. And everything is explained quite simply. The Romans were a great people and came up with a method of counting, which can be transmitted at a distance on the fingers. So:
- from I to III was shown on the fingers of one hand;
- more than V showed "bird" on one hand, and the rest of the sticks on the other;
- X showed through the intersection of the fingers;
- numbers greater than X were made up of crossed hands with the required number on the fingers.
It is interesting:Originally Roman is considered the number four, which has the form - IIII. It was only at the beginning of the 19th century that it was modified and still used in writing as option IV.
The easiest option, how to write Roman numerals on the keyboard in English letters
Writing Roman numerals on the keyboard of a laptop or computer is not difficult, since each of the Roman numerals corresponds to Latin letters. In other words, English keyboard characters correspond to Roman numerals. It turns out that Roman numerals are the following large English letters:
- 1 - I (Russian layout W);
- 5 - V (Russian layout M);
- 10 –X (Russian keyboard H, you can also use our letter X);
- 50 - L (Russian layout D);
- 100 - C (the letter can be typed for any layout, since both Russian and English characters are on the same button of the keyboard);
- 500 - D (Russian layout B);
- 1000 - M (Russian layout is L, but you can use the "domestic" capital letter M).
Then everything is very simple:combining English letters in accordance with the desired Roman number, you can easily cope with the writing of Roman numerals.
Roman Numbers: Writing Rules
For those who have forgotten, recall how Roman numerals are written:
- units from 1 to 10 -I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X;
- tens from 10 to 100 -X, XX, XXX, XL, L, LX, LXX, LXXX, XC, C;
- hundreds from 100 to 1000 -C, CC, CCC, CD, D, DC, DCC, DCCC, CM, M.
Who will carefully look at the writing of digital series, will notice a recurring pattern.
If before a large number there is a smaller number (IV, IX, XL, CD), then it should be subtracted from a larger number. For example, XL is 10 and 50, it turns out that the combination of these characters gives 50-10 = 40. But if the characters are the other way around, the numbers are added together.
Knowing the basic rules for composing Roman numerals from Latin letters, you can “draw” any combinations. If you have a large number, then initially divide it into hundredths, tens, and ones, and then add it with the help of English letters into a Roman numeral. As an example: 468 will look like СDLХVIII.
How to type Roman numerals on the keyboard: ASCII codes for more “advanced” ones
For those with a computer on "you", you can use the option of dialing Roman numerals in digital format using ASCII codes. To do this, you must perform the following actions:
- enable Num Lock;
- by pressing ALT, dial the appropriate combination of numbers on the side numeric keypad.
The necessary combinations are shown in the table.
This method is suitable for those who work with the PC often dials Roman numbers. Of course, initially you will have to look at the tablet, but over time, the set of necessary combinations will occur automatically.
How to write Roman numerals on the computer in the Word?
In Microsoft Word or in any other office application where a special function is provided for translating Arabic numerals to Roman numerals, you can write Roman numerals by typing the following commands on the keyboard:
- Press Ctrl + F9;
- In the {} brackets that appear, you need to type {= the required number \ * ROMAN};
- Press the F9 key again;
- The desired Roman numeral appears.
From the above proposed variants of writing Roman numerals on the keyboard, the easiest “for dummies” can be called the writing method in the English layout.This method is convenient in that it is suitable for any program, the main thing is to know in which sequence you need to insert one or another character to write the required Roman number.