How to store vegetables in winterNovember 4, 2011
To grow tasty and healthy vegetables and fruits is not so easy, but there is another nuance. After the harvest in the country, the question arises how to store vegetables in winter in order to preserve their beneficial properties and taste as much as possible. If you follow some simple rules, winter storage of vegetables does not cause problems, the main thing is to take into account the characteristics of each type of vegetables.
How to store potatoes in winter
This type of vegetables is most common in our country, and not only summer residents and garden owners, but also city dwellers stock up on potatoes.
The optimal storage conditions for potatoes: +2 degrees and air humidity of about 85%. Such conditions are possible in the cellar or basement, not freezing in the cold season.
Before lowering the vegetables into the cellar, it is necessary to prepare them for storage. Potatoes after digging laid out to dry in air for a period of about a day. The potatoes that go to seed dry some of the time in the sun, and the one that goes to food is in the shade.
Then the potatoes are sorted to separate the spotted, dry or wet rot tubers. This will reduce storage losses and increase shelf life.It would also be nice to sanitize the walls of potatoes a couple of days before laying the vegetables, and dry the container for storage in the sun.
After that, vegetables fall asleep in nets or mesh boxes with a layer up to one and a half meters. The container is placed in the basement or cellar on stands with a height of about 15 cm and 5 cm from the wall.
To prevent the potatoes from fogging up, it can be covered with empty bags or filled with chips (wood ash). As moisture accumulates, the bags need to be changed. Also on top of the potatoes can be decomposed layers of horseradish and beets - they will not dry, and the potatoes - wet.
If it is cold and the temperature in the cellar is lower than the optimum level for potatoes, then the tubers can protect the tubers from freezing.
How to store cabbage in winter
The optimum conditions for cabbage storage are 96-98% humidity and a temperature of -1 to +1 degrees Celsius. Before laying, remove from the heads of the top layer of leaves, under which pests can hide. It is also better to dry the cabbage in a draft, hanging it on a rope. Then the cabbages are tied together in two and attached to the ceiling of the cellar, placing them just as they grew.You can store cabbage on the shelves. Pre packed each head in a plastic bag, in which you also need to put a crumpled sheet of newspaper.
During storage, periodically cabbage must inspect and remove spoiled rotten leaves.
Increases the shelf life of cabbage and prevents damage to it processing of heads of clay mash. They are smeared with clay solution, dried, and again repeat the procedure. After this treatment, the cabbage practically does not deteriorate and can be stored for a very long time.
How to store beets in the winter
Beet storage conditions: air humidity is about 90% and temperature is from -1 to +4 degrees. First, the beets cut the tops and dried in the air for several days. After that, the roots are laid tails down in the mesh boxes and set the container on the stand with a height of 15 cm, moving them away from the walls of the cellar at least 5 centimeters.
How to keep onions in winter
Onions should be stored in a warm room with a temperature of 18-24 degrees. Before storing it, it is necessary to sort it out, dry it and use in food first of all bulbs with a dry neck or a small amount of husk.It is better to store it in boxes containing about 20 kg of vegetables or in bulk with a layer of no more than 30 cm or in nets.
How to store garlic in winter
It is stored as well as onions, only the garlic roots are roasted a little over the fire. You can also store garlic by dipping its head in paraffin, but so that the stem can breathe. You can store it in layers, sprinkled with salt.
How to store horseradish in winter
It is best to store it in wooden sandboxes. To do this, fall asleep a layer of dry sand with a thickness of 8 cm and put horseradish roots on it at a short distance from each other. Then they fall asleep with a layer of sand 4 cm and put another layer of roots. So you can put 2-3 layers, and then pour a layer of sand 8 cm above.
How to store beans in the winter
The harvested beans are treated in a saline solution to remove the bugs, then dried thoroughly and put into glass jars. You can add garlic cloves or fennel seeds in beans.
How to store carrots in winter
The optimal conditions for storing carrots is an air temperature of +1 degree and a humidity of about 90%.
During storage, the temperature in the cellar should be close to zero, but always positive, because the carrots are sensitive to frost and after thawing they quickly become unusable.It is not desirable that the temperature rise above 4 degrees, as the carrots begin to germinate. If oxygen is not supplied to the carrot storage room, it is possible to stop the process of germination and development of rotting with the help of carbon dioxide, but it should be remembered that its excessive amount can negatively affect root crops and lead to the decomposition of carrot pectins.
After harvesting, the roots are removed from the roots and left for 10-14 days at a temperature of 10-14 degrees. This allows you to identify spoiled carrots and remove it from the total mass. Then the carrot is dipped for 29 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
A layer of dry sand is poured into wooden boxes and root crops are placed on it with gaps, then they are covered with a layer of sand of 4 cm and 1-2 layers are placed in this way, filling carrots from above with a thick layer of sand.
You can store carrots and dense plastic bags of 50 kg. At the same time, it is not necessary to tie the bags so that condensate does not form.
There is also an old way of storing carrots in wet sand with chalk. It is important that the roots in the outer layer were located head out.Carrots of different varieties are best kept separately.
If there is no possibility to store carrots in the cellar or basement, you can put them in boxes, pour them with sand and leave them in the closet.