How to grow aubergine in the open field: useful tips
Eggplants are heat-loving southern plants,which grows the fruit of the most unusual color, at least for our latitudes. It varies from gently-lilac to intensely-violet, almost black. However, an unusual color is not the main advantage of eggplant. Fruits have remarkable taste qualities in stew or fried form.
The plant is quite fastidious, soEggplants in the open ground are practically not grown. Preference is given to greenhouses and greenhouses. But this method is not always convenient, especially since the volumes of buildings often do not allow them to plant all the heat-loving vegetable crops: peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, etc. Therefore, the natural question arises of how to grow eggplants in the open ground. Let's try to answer it.
Place for planting
Before landing, you must choose the right oneplot. It must be sunny and reliably protected from the wind. Best if the soil is light, the heavy ones need preliminary preparation - they need to be fertilized at the rate of one bucket of humus or peat mixture per one square meter of land. Eggplants are best planted after crops such as peas or beans. The beds should be prepared in the autumn: dig, fertilize, remove the roots of weed plants. In the spring, the soil is again digested and loosened.
Planting eggplant in the open ground is carried outonly in seedlings. Too short in our summer, so that you can get a crop immediately from the seeds. It is best to sow in late February or early March. Seeds should be placed immediately in separate cups, two seeds per one container. After the sprouts appear, you need to leave the strongest and strongest.
How to grow aubergines in the open field: planting time and care
Planting seedlings is only whenthere will be warm weather, not only without frosts, but also without too low plus temperatures. As a rule, this happens in late May or early June. To secure, you need to prepare a film to cover plants at night, or prepare paper envelopes that can also protect you from cooling. Watering is needed regularly, its frequency depends on the amount of natural precipitation. Still need to systematically loosen and weed the weeds. Eggplants must be fed three times per season (excluding fertilizing the soil before planting seedlings in spring or late autumn).
What other information is useful in order toto know how to grow aubergines in the open field and get a good harvest at the same time? Remember that these plants belong to the Nightshade family, as well as the potatoes that the Colorado beetle so loves. Therefore, one must either provide mechanical protection in the form of a nylon mesh, or carry out spraying with a decoction of wormwood or celandine. You can and chemicals, but not later than twenty days before the formation of fruits. Collect eggplants in August in several stages with a break of 4-5 days. One should not allow at least one fruit from the bush to reach full maturity - after this the plant ceases to give all its energy to growing crops and actually goes into hibernation.
So, now you know how to grow eggplants in the open ground. The case is, of course, time-consuming and laborious, but the result will be impressive.