How to clean the toilet with a cable: the choice of tools and instructions for its use

Clogging is a common problem, which is the scourge of not only iron pipelines, but also modern plastic pipelines. The most effective and cost-effective way to combat them is a plumbing cable.

What to take into account when choosing and operating the tool and how to clean the toilet with a cable, let's take a closer look.

Blockages: main types and causes

The choice of the type of tool and the method of eliminating the problem depends on which kind of blockage has to be dealt with.

System malfunction
Regardless of the cause of the problem, clogging provokes the failure of both plumbing fixtures and the sewer system as a whole.

There are three types of blockages:

  1. Operational. It occurs as a result of ingress into the system of organic and household waste, for example: food debris, grease, sand, wool and hair.Formed on the walls of the raids and stratifications narrow the diameter of the through hole, preventing the normal passage of water.
  2. Mechanical. It occurs in violation of generally accepted rules for the operation of the sewer system. For example, due to carelessness or ignorance, large rubbish is thrown into the toilet. It is a hindrance to wastewater, forming a dense blockage.
  3. Technological. It arises as a result of violation of the technology of installation of the communication system or because of its wear.

The simplest cable-type cables of a length of 5-6 meters and a diameter of 6 mm and 9 mm easily cope with traffic jams of an operational nature. Uncomplicated mechanical clogging helps to eliminate the spring-loaded version.

Clogging technological type to eliminate with the help of a cable will not work. To fix the defect by solving the problem, you can only by completely replacing the pipes.

Main types of plumbing cables

Used for cleaning plumbing cable is a flexible shaft that performs the function of transmitting torque. The tool is used not only for “punching” sewer pipes, but also for cleaning water pipelines, as well as processing inside the pipes of boilers and boilers.

Structural elements of the tool
A rotation handle is attached to one end of a steel sanitary cable, and a rigid bushing is installed on the opposite side of the device.

The tip has two functions:

  • fixes replaceable tools that can be used to facilitate the cleaning process;
  • interferes with the self-dismissal of the cable, thereby prolonging the life of the product

The design of the cable is represented by a rod or shaft, the central part of which is provided with a core. Wire strands are wound around the core in several layers in different directions.

The directionality of the strands of each layer alternates: the first layer is placed to the right about the axis, the second - to the left. In the manufacture of the core, the number of strand layers is repeated until a certain shaft diameter, specified by technological standards, is reached.

Manual pressure control method
Although the design of the cable is simple, it has a clear advantage in terms of the ability to control the degree of pressure on the tool during the cleaning process when passing pipe bends and other “vulnerable” sections.

In addition to the main function - clearing the blockages of the water supply and sewage systems, cables are often used to eliminate blockages in boilers and boilers, as well as cleaning chimneys from soot residues.

On sale there are three main types of tools: rope, spring-loaded and spring-loaded.

Rope type device

The rigging cable is used for cleaning small littered areas of the pipeline inside the apartment. It is made of galvanized durable steel, which is famous for its high strength and durability. Rope-type products are traditionally made with a diameter of 6 mm, so that they are flexible and elastic.

Option of rigging cable
Cable-type devices are able to freely pass through all joints and bends of the sewage system without disturbing the integrity of the places of connection of apartment plumbing equipment

The end of products of rope type to prevent the blooming of wire strands is crimped tip. To simplify the task of pulling hairballs out of the pipeline, manufacturers attach the shape of a fluffed brush to the tip.

To clean the plumbing inside the apartment used rigging cables with a length of 2.5 to 5 meters. It is impractical to acquire longer products, since the trunk line rarely exceeds 5 meters in length.

Spring-loaded cable

The spring-loaded cable is a more rigid product, the diametral section of which is not less than 9 mm. It is chosen for cleaning of toilet bowls, and also intra room water and house sewer pipes.

Example of spring-loaded tool
The device got its name due to the fact that its main structural element is a wound spiral, the inside of which is empty.

Such a cable is equipped with a rotating handle, which has a curved shaft design. The device ends with a bend or a tip with which it can easily move in the cavity of the pipe. Devices of this type for home use are not equipped with special nozzles.

Due to the excellent elasticity of the tool, despite the sufficient rigidity of the structure, the cable easily copes with all the difficult obstacles in its path.

Spring spiral with tensioner

Spring cable belongs to the category of professional equipment. It is used by plumbing for punching serious complex blockages in both horizontal pipes and vertical risers. The diametral size of products varies in the range of 13.5-16 mm.The length can reach 25–60 meters from the mark.

Products of small diameter are used for cleaning toilet bowls, urinals and sewer pipes in public places. A spring of large cross-section, with increased rigidity, will be used, if necessary, to remove blockages of sewage risers passing through interfloor overlaps

Spiral with tensioner
The core for the manufacture of a spring-type cable is a rod wrapped with durable steel wire not galvanized, having a cross section of 2 millimeters

With an increase in the diameter of the cable, the size of the wire used for its manufacture also increases:

  • for products with a thickness of 10–12 mm a metal cord D 1.4 mm is used;
  • for cables in 14 mm - thread D 1.4 mm;
  • for rods D 16 mm - wire D 2.1 mm.

Products of spring type, as well as their simpler analogs described above, are equipped with a handle. But in models of this type, it performs the function of a tensioner. At the moment of rotation and tension, the spring acquires a special rigidity, due to which it easily destroys even the most complex blockages.

In professional models used for long pipe, the handles are often made sliding.Due to this, they easily move along the length of the rod and are fixed in the desired position. Such a constructive solution makes it possible to avoid rolling up the cable during operation.

Depending on the model, the equipment can be equipped with various nozzles. They are selected, focusing on three parameters:

  • type of pipes;
  • the material of their manufacture;
  • design features (the presence of joints and knees).

For punching stone and sand crumbs, a bottom nozzle is used, a punch tip is selected to remove compressed blockages, and loops and hooks are used to extract lumps of dirt and old rags.

Tool selection criteria

When choosing a product, it is necessary to probe and inspect it for mechanical damage. The cable should not have a memory to bend. Make sure the handle is securely fastened. Pay attention to the pipe. It should be a little springy and plastic.

All elements of the tool, including nozzles intended for impact, should be made of stainless steel only.

The main parameters that should be considered when choosing a sanitary cable:

  1. Device diameter. The size of plumbing cables presented on sale varies in the range of 6-18 mm. The required size of the rods is selected, focusing on the diameter of the laid pipes and the complexity of clogging.
  2. Design performance. The handle can be G-and Z-shaped. On sale there are handles equipped with a locking system. They are convenient because they hold the rods and at the same time allow them to rotate in any direction.
  3. Complete set of replaceable nozzles. Among the variety of interchangeable nozzles on the market, the most in demand are “harpoons”, with the help of which it is convenient to extract large elements of dense traffic jams, and reinforced piercers capable of piercing the hardest clogs.

For work with sewer and drain pipes D 100 mm, made of plastic, choose rods with a diameter of 10-12 mm. Models of this size are indispensable even if the pipeline includes a large number of turns with an angle of more than 45 °.

If you need to work with sewer pipes D 100-200 mm, which have a greater length, choose tools D 14 mm. For pipes D 200 mm and more use tools with a diametral size of 16 mm.

Variants of performance nozzles
Included with the cable can be purchased a set of nozzles that will make the cleaning process more simple and efficient.

Important point! If the first and last layers of the core are wound to the right side along the axis, this indicates that the cable is intended for right-hand rotation. In this direction, the tool has 2 layers of wires more than the left side. And if you rotate the cable to the left side, it will simply break.

If the opportunity allows, you can purchase a cable with an electric drive.

Combined Power Tool
Modifications with a combined electric drive, referred to as "turntables", have a number of auxiliary functions that greatly facilitate the task

"Turntables" are able to quickly and effectively eliminate simple blockages on short and medium distances of sewers.

Cable application guide

Cleaning from clogging of water and sewage pipes with a cable involves a number of basic steps.

Preparatory work

Cleaning manipulations are best done when the first signs of obstruction of communications are detected. You should not wait until the small blockage is sealed and turned into an impenetrable plug.

A good example of system clogging
The main signs that indicate a blockage are water slowly flowing into the drain hole, as well as the appearance of an unpleasant smell from the pipe

Having determined the type of blockage and the location of its location, prepare the tool with the appropriate nozzles to correct the problem.

The first stage involves the preparation of the cable for operation. For this tool inspect for integrity and health. On the cable itself, it is necessary to check the strength and reliability of fixing the handle.

Before starting work, the floor must be covered with foil. Further manipulations are recommended in protective gloves.

Clearing plots of contamination

In order to properly clean the sewage system, it is necessary to open free access to the socket of the discharge pipe. For this, the first step is to remove the siphon. It has the shape of a curved pipe and is attached to the drain hole.

The introduction of the tool into the tube
The point of attachment of the siphon before running into the cavity of the pipe of the tip of the steel tool is washed from the remnants of dirt with jets of hot water

The sequence of actions when working with the tool:

  1. Holding the rotary knob in the palm of your hand and fixing the main part of the cable in the folded position in the form of a ring, the working end of the tool is inserted into the opening of the pipe.
  2. Making the handle translational-rotational movement, promote the device into the pipe and overcome difficult areas. The cable itself must only be deployed to the length that is required to clean the clog.
  3. Having reached the place of blockage, the rotational movements of the handle increase the effort and increase the speed of advancement, trying to destroy the seal.

The mud plug can be removed in two ways: by pushing forward, having previously put on a punch of a suitable size, or by removing it with a hook-hook. When making translational movements, you should not press with force on the tool. This may damage the equipment and damage the inside surface of the smooth plastic pipe.

Work with the tool
By carrying out translational-rotational movements, you will facilitate the unhindered overcoming by the flexible rod of bends and knees that are present in the sewer system.

When the direction of the cable and giving it a torque rotational movement must be performed only in the direction of clockwise movement.If you rotate the tool handle in the opposite direction, you can provoke the opening of the flexible core.

In the process of passing the obstacles, periodically you need to pull the cable to the surface and clean it from the remnants of adhering dirt. It is better to perform the work together, dividing the duties of rotation and pushing, alternating with cleaning the tool nozzle.

System Performance Check

Noticing that the accumulated liquid starts to leave, empty the tank or open the tap with hot water. At first, water is best served at low pressure. If everything goes smoothly, you can gradually increase the flow force.

The formation of a funnel when draining
If, during a test run of water, formation of an improvised funnel is observed in the sink, this indicates that the problem has been completely eliminated.

There are situations that in the process of rotation the cable gets stuck in the pipe. In this case, the easiest way to solve the problem is to turn the tool left or right while slightly pressing it.

General rules for the care of the device

A cable, like any other plumbing fixture, needs proper care.After each use, the instrument must be washed with water or in a filled container with the addition of soapy water. To avoid rust between the wire layers, the spring part of the tool must be regularly machined with engine oil.

In the future case of shortening the cable, the place of the cut will need to be pre-annealed by 10-12 cm.

Processing used tool
Ease of rotation of the handle is provided by the work of special bushings; the task of the zealous owner is to remember to periodically lubricate them with used engine oil

An oil-treated cable is wiped dry with a piece of cotton cloth and rolled into a coil. In this position, it occupies a minimum of space, so that it is not difficult to place it in the corner under the bathroom or in the closet among the tools. With proper care, such equipment can properly serve the owner for more than two decades.

Conclusions and useful video on the topic

Overview of the main types of plumbing cables:

And finally, advice from the master. When cleaning, in order to soften the blockage and facilitate the advancement of the tool, if possible, pour portions of hot water into the pipe.Otherwise, the procedure of cleaning the sewage system with a cable should not cause any particular difficulties.

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