Garden bell perennial: how to grow, which perennial bells should be planted in the garden.
Since ancient times, the flowers of bells, growing freely in the wild nature, attracted general attention, as a result, breeders came up with the idea to use this beautiful, modest and touching plants to decorate gardens and country sites. In addition, the bells are perennial flowers, so growing them is not only beautiful, but also practical.
In Russia, these plants are loved by local residents so much that they have come up with various affectionate names such as doves, bells, bells, bows, chenille.
About gentle bells they composed legends, and according to one of the legends, these flowers appeared at the time when people began to ride on threes of horses under the cheerful chime of bells.
Where these chimes sounded, the bells sprang up, which also emitted a quiet ringing, but it could only be heard the day before on the night of the holiday of Ivan Kupala.
Useful properties of perennial bells
After a certain period of time, the villagers began to plant the bells in their front gardens, but they used these flowers not only as a decoration, but also for the treatment of certain ailments. It was believed that these modest flowers help to cope with ulcers, sore throats, erysipelas, mastitis and epilepsy.
In addition, there are many types of bells, and among which there are edible and honey plants, the roots and leaves of which can be used in cooking for salting, stewing, cooking soups, salads.
How to grow bells in the garden. General rules for planting and care.
Place for landing you need to choose sunny or light penumbra. The soil will suit any well-drained.
You can not plant garden bells:
- on sites where water stagnates;
- in lowlands with loamy or clayey soil;
- places that are flooded with water.
In any other places you can grow bells and they will feel great. In that case, if the groundwater is located close to the surface, you can make a high, raised flower garden and make a good drainage.
How to plant a bell garden perennial.
The soil for planting should be loose, with sufficient nutrients. To do this, in heavy soils (loam or clay soil) you need to add peat, humus, sod land.
The best bells breed by bushes. You can also grow the seedlings of bells from seeds.
The time when planting a garden bell is very convenient. This can be done twice per season in the fall and spring. Namely:
- perennial bells for rock garden (these include the Carpathian bell, spoon-leaved, wall-mounted, Pozharsky, Gargan) are propagated by dividing the bushes and nests in the spring;
- these same stunted bells for rock garden planted cuttings for reproduction in an unheated greenhouse in early summer;
- the flower bells that grow as biennials are planted with seeds in May and June, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the autumn. Growing from the seeds of bluebells is a very simple task, even for a novice gardener.
They plant flowers in the wells, which are watered abundantly before planting. Lay a bush, straighten roots and sprinkle with earth. Planting flowers in the fall, you need to make, so that they are rooted before the start of frost.
Feeding perennial bells
In order for flowers to delight us with their flowering, they need to be fertilized and the necessary dressings made.
- In the spring, nitrogen or any nitrogenous fertilizers that contribute to the growth of green mass of plants should be applied to the soil.
- In the summer, complex and phosphate fertilizers are used for garden flowers.
- In the fall, make potassium, it will increase the resistance of plants to frost.
Bells perennial planting and care
The main care for flowers is in summer. They need to periodically loosen, remove weeds, make feeding, especially before flowering.
Water the bells moderately.To bloom was long, you need to remove dried flowers and stems. Part can be left to collect seeds. Brown boxes are collected, without waiting for their disclosure so that they do not fall into the soil. About the subtleties of collecting seeds, you can read here: How to collect flower seeds in the garden.
Propagation of perennial garden bells
1. Growing from seed.Most species of these flowers can be propagated by seeds, they repeat the properties of the parent plants. Only some varieties, for example, terry, may differ from the parent. In this case, they are propagated vegetatively.
The seeds of bells are very small, so they are laid out on the soil and sprinkled with a thin sand layer.
When to plant bells with seeds? In the 2nd half of October or in May, seeds are sown in the ground. Through the seedlings, the houses are planted with seedlings of flowers for seedlings, starting in March.
The first shoots appear approximately 2 weeks after planting. When 3 true leaves appear, the seedlings dive through 10 cm. Transplant flowers in flowerbeds and flower beds in early June. Garden bells bloom in a year.
2. Reproduction by cuttings.Young shoots are cut into cuttings and planted in an unheated greenhouse.
Bells perennial flowers - popular varieties and types.
Flowers bells have long been cultivated, but some gardeners prefer to decorate their gardens with wild species, as they see them as a highlight and grace.
In most cases, cultivated varieties specially bred by breeders are planted in private gardens.
Now there are more than four hundred different varieties of such plants, moreover, the flowers on many of them no longer have the traditional blue or bluish color. So, in the gardens you can find bells purple, light lilac, soft pink, ocher yellow, pale yellow and white halo. Naturally, all varieties from each other differ not only in color, but also in flowering time, as well as in the size of the leaves.
That is why every gardener is given a great opportunity to choose the most suitable varieties of bells for decoration of gardens, rockeries, borders, and flower vertical compositions.
The most popular type. The Carpathian bell is actively used to create alpine slides and rockeries. In nature, it grows in the mountains, so it looks great among the rocks,very quickly forming a big fluffy ball of flowers from small seedlings.
Bell-shaped or star-shaped flowers are white or blue. Height of a plant is 25 cm. Blossoming long from June to September. Refers to the perennial flowers blooming all summer. It is worth noting that this is an unpretentious plant.In the spring you need to save the plant from slugs. In drought, water regularly.
It got its name from raspberry specks on a white petal, visible from inside the flower. The peculiarity of the shape of the flower is that it resembles a blown barrel and tapers to the blade-petals. Incredibly beautiful. It will be a wonderful decoration of your suburban area.
- deep blue
- For example, the Otello variety is rich in color pigments. Therefore, he even painted sheets. They are characterized by brown color. Kent Bell has very large bright blue flowers, and the stem grows above 70 centimeters.
- Recently, a variety of “Cherry Bells” with milk tips of petals, a pink base and lots of specks of red color all over the flower is in great demand. It is not high, only about half a meter. Breeders promise to soon release terry variations of this variety.
- Many gardeners like bell point terry, the so-called double. In this form, additional petals are formed from stamens.
The bell is peachy.
Refers to the border perennials. The bell peach planting and care is possible in garden beds and flower beds. Height of a plant is 75 cm. Color of flowers - white or blue. Cup-shaped flowers, large A very popular plant among gardeners.
Planting a peach bell on sandy, clay or loamy soils is possible with drainage and plenty of humus. The flower is not afraid of shade, loves the soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction.
A lot of fertilizer should not be added, as this will adversely affect the resistance of plants in the winter and will lead to their rapid aging.
Propagated bell peach seed seeds. They are sown in small greenhouses, starting in mid-spring. It is not necessary to collect the seeds of the peach-bell bell yourself - they do not inherit the parental signs. In July, seedlings dive, and in August, planted in a permanent place. In winter, the plant is covered with peat or a layer of dry leaves of 15-20 cm. With appropriate care, the bell may bloom next year. If you linger on landing or picking, the buds will appear only in the third year.
Peach species are not long-lived plants, although they are perennial bells. Planting and care during reproduction by division make it possible to inherit the parental signs. Transplantation is done at the beginning or at the end of the summer, and the roots should be covered with clods. Cutting is also often used, and it is produced in sand. For effective flowering need to periodically feed the bell. Cultivation will be effective if fertilized correctly. Nitrogen is used in the spring, and various complex mineral fertilizers are used before flowering. In addition, the faded shoots pruned, so that the blooming bells rejoiced the eye longer.
Flowering is long, from June to August. Removing faded flowers prolongs blooming.
It is possible to use bells of different colors and types not only in group but also single plantings, and such compositions will not seem boring at all.