Foundation for a house made of foam blocks - the basis of durability of housing
Of course, the walls of the house and its foundation arethe basis of the whole structure. Moreover, even with small errors made during their design and erection, serious problems are possible, up to the destruction of the building.
The foundation for a house made of foam blocks, isthe main constructive element. It performs the function of perceiving the load from the entire building and its transfer to the ground. That is why it is very important to choose and design the future pillow for the house correctly, otherwise there may be excessive or uneven sediment of the building.
When building a country house, for the purpose ofprevention of such troubles, the load from the building should be distributed over a sufficiently large area. It is also necessary to excavate the soil to a layer of strong rocks. Requires piles, immersed in weak rocks to a layer of strong, or you can strengthen the weak ground from above. Special difficulties arise when the foundation for a house made of foam blocks or brick is erected on soils with a high level of compressibility.
Foundations of their type are divided intotape, plate and columnar. Which kind of foundation is most suitable for a particular construction site is revealed after determining the properties of the soil, such as composition, distance to groundwater and how much the ground freezes in winter.
Are the most common and cheap, relative to other types. They also differ in their effectiveness when installed in deep freezing and puchinistye soils.
Columnal foundations are most suitable forbuildings with light walls: chopped wooden, frame or panel. If you plan to build a country house with the use of one of these materials, you should install a monolithic columnar foundation. The basis of the technology of erection is the installation of poles in the corners of the building, at the points of intersection of walls and in other places where the greatest number of loads will be concentrated.
Are built under the walls of the house, or under separatesupport. Suitable for buildings with heavy walls (stone, concrete, etc.), or with heavy ceilings. For example, if the floor in the house is made of foam blocks, then such a foundation will not be a very good decision. The most suitable option for installing such a foundation is under the house with a basement, a garage or a basement floor.
The installation of tape foundations requires the use of a large number of materials, labor intensity, large volumes of land works, to all other, they have significant weight.
Such structures are erected throughout the area of the building. Are made of reinforced concrete beams or monolithic reinforced concrete. Such foundations give the building additional spatial rigidity.
The slab foundation is suitable for compressible soils. All soil changes are transferred to the entire foundation. The device of this type of construction requires a large consumption of materials, so its installation is suitable for small buildings where a high base is not required, and the plate serves as the floor of the room. For large buildings, a cross-ribbed or ribbed construction is installed. This option can be used if a foundation for a house of foam blocks is being built.
The installation of a certain type of foundation dependsnot only from the soil, but also from the massive nature of the future construction. Therefore, to say exactly what type is suitable for a country house at once is impossible. Here it is necessary first to analyze the whole situation. For example, the foundation for a house made of foam blocks can be both slab and ribbon. Determine the type of foundation is best entrusted to specialists.