Float for toilet: device, adjustment, types and repair
If all the amenities in the house or apartment workideally, then often no one notices it. However, if only one node fails, the situation begins to resemble a severe man-made disaster. Various malfunctions associated with the toilet can be safely attributed to this class of incidents. According to experts, often the cause of malfunction is the float for the toilet, located inside the mechanism of the tank. Today we will talk about it.
The device and principle of the float
This product is a ball or a cylinder. Inside the product is hollow and filled with air. At the expense of air, this element of the draining mechanism does not sink in the water.The float is involved in the control of the valvemechanism that blocks the flow of water to the drain tank at the time it reaches a certain level. When the water is drained from the tank, the float is lowered to the bottom of the tank by gravity. The valve is thus closed.
There are two types of floats for the toilet. It is a ball-shaped product and a tool-like float. The product of the first type is mounted in the upper part. The float is fixed to the lever, through which the valve of the tank is controlled. This design is almost not used - it is obsolete and also has a number of design flaws. These shortcomings do not allow the system to operate without noise. Also due to design features this part can not perform its functions for a long time. After several years, the product loses its tightness.Stack-like floats of the toilet bowlmore perfect constructively. The product is in the form of an inverted glass. It moves along a special rod vertically. This element is filled with air at the top. As the reservoir fills up, the lever closing the water supply is activated. This design is located at the bottom of the tank. Therefore, glass-like floats work practically without any noise. As for the resource, it is much higher than the life of the ball-shaped product.
Malfunctions of the float mechanism and their causes
Despite the fact that the float for the toilet is arranged very simply, it can significantly spoil the life of the inhabitants of the apartment or house. We will analyze the most frequent breakdowns of this node.
The following situations tell about faults. Thus, water may not enter the reservoir. In the other case, it will arrive, but the set does not stop even if it reaches the maximum level. The diaphragm installed on the culvert can fail. Often breakages are associated with the quality of the material. Also, the holes in the valve become clogged. All the fault here is water of dubious quality. Due to these blockages, the liquid can not normally flow into the reservoir of the tank.
The design of the float can be different. If the malfunction occurred with the ball-shaped product, this is due to a violation of the tightness and the filling of the float with water. The second type of products withstands the effects of liquids much better, but can be contaminated. This also affects the performance of the structure.
If the float for the toilet is out of order, firstit is necessary to find out what exactly happened and what element does not work properly. In the event that the breakdown is associated with a breach of tightness, then repair the product in this situation is useless. Solve the problem by replacing it with a new one. It's much easier and cheaper than repairing.
In the case of contamination of a glass-bottomed float, it is sufficient to only clean the part from dirt. After that, the product will rise again.In the event of breakage of the membrane, perform anyrepair is impractical. But often something can not be done. It is much easier to buy a new part in any hardware store. It is very important when buying to pay attention to the quality of the material. Depends on this life. However, even if the membrane is made of good material, it will not last long due to poor water quality.
If the valve hole is clogged, then this problem can be easily solved. This is done by simple channel cleaning. As a result, the valve will again work as expected.
How to choose a quality float
Sometimes it happens that the already establishedthe float in the toilet bowl can not be repaired. In this case, you need to purchase a new item. When choosing, it is important to pay attention to the quality of the material. It is best to remove the broken device and, taking it with you to the store, pick up the same. If the old design of the drainage system is installed in the reservoir, then the float should be purchased the corresponding one.
Most problems with toilets can be solved by a simple adjustment of the mechanism. Let's see how to adjust the float in the toilet.
To start, the float should be brought to the rightposition. It depends on the material of the part. The lever of brass can be bent. A necessary position is regulated by raising or lowering the lever. If the latter is made of plastic, then it is equipped with a special adjusting screw or plastic ratchet. The screw allows you to change the bend of the lever. And with the help of a ratchet the lever is fixed in the desired position.Adjustment of the toilet bowl on more modernmodels by rotating the screw. With it, you can raise or lower the part to the desired level. The higher this element is installed, the more liquid will enter the reservoir.
Recommendations of specialists
During the operation of the tank, problems may arise with the provision of the system with water. It must be remembered that most often the cause is in the float, the membrane of the transmissive valve or in the valve opening.After the reason is found, you can startrepair or change the damaged part. If you need to buy a new float, then pay attention to the type of drainage toilet. The choice of the product depends on it. The installation of a new float is the work that any home master will cope with. The main thing is not to forget to cut off the water.