Finishing the base: options and photos
When building private houses, anydetail. Therefore, even the finishing of the foundation requires increased attention from the master. After all, what kind of finishing material will be chosen for this depends on the comfort inside the premises. That's why homeowners often wonder what ways of finishing this part of the house exist. In order to make the right decision, you should consider several options at once, having familiarized yourself with the technology of the work.
Finishing the foundation of the house with panels allowsmake the lower part of the house more resistant to external loads. The original appearance will persist for several decades. Modern finishing materials by type of panels are inert to chemicals and reagents. They are fireproof and frost-resistant.
Use of siding
Finishing of the foundation is carried out by sidingtoday quite often. This material is universal, which is why it can be installed on almost any surface. Ground siding has many advantages, among them:
- resistance to ultraviolet rays;
- protection from moisture;
- resistance to damage and shock;
- ability to undergo significant loads;
- simplicity of installation;
- long service life, which reaches 50 years.
When the foundation is finishedsiding, should choose a socle variety of this material, which is much more reliable, stronger and more stable than usual. The best option is siding for brick or stone. Vinyl material does not require staining and seaming of joints. Even after several decades the siding will not crack and will interfere with the contact of the cap with salt and groundwater.
Facing with stone
Natural stone is a modern and fashionable solution. However, before choosing this material, you should consider that it has some drawbacks, namely:
- impressive weight;
- the need to build a supporting frame for the installation of stone slabs;
- high cost.
If the funds do not allow, you can purchase an artificial analog that mimics the natural material. It is simply installed and has a light weight.
Use of plaster
Finishing the foundation is quite common todayis carried out with the help of a cheap method - plaster. This natural material allows the use of mineral wool, which acts as an additional barrier to frost. Prepare for the work will also need a grid, which will hold the solution and ensure the construction of durability and stability.
After completion of the finishing work is appliedpaint, which will make the appearance of the socle more attractive and provide protection from moisture. In addition to coloring, you can use other types of decor. Sometimes masters perform imitation of a stone with the help of a file. Once the paint has dried, you can make contrast stitching.
Technology of finishing the foundation with siding
Finishing of the foundation can be carried outsiding. In this case, the technology requires the installation of a metal crate. In addition, thermal insulation can be used, in this case the rail will have a square cross-section and a side of 50 mm. The distance between the slats should be 25 cm.
Once the frame is ready, you can proceedthe installation of the initial bars. When installing panels, do not forget about the need for a small gap, which is 5 mm. When installing the starting plate, the screws are placed every 30 cm. They need to be screwed into existing holes only, without making additional ones. This is due to the fact that there may be defects and distortions.
Sometimes as a starting bar is usedJ-element, which allows to form edging. When the foundation of the house is finished with panels, you should also set the corners. Outdoor allow you to eliminate the need for docking the slats. Fastening of corners is carried out by screws. It is not necessary to heat the fasteners, there is a gap between the cap and the surface, which will allow for expansion of the products.
J-profiles are installed in the places whereyou need to create a path. This applies to the projections of the house, openings and communications. Particularly demanding are internal corners, which can turn out to be uneven. Such a bar also suits the role of the final edge.
When the foundation is finished, photoit is recommended to consider in advance. They will allow you to understand how the building will look like in the end. If you have already installed all the auxiliary elements, you can proceed with the installation of the panels. To move from left to right, jump from the wall to the wall is not necessary. After completing one side, you can proceed to finish the second one.
The first bar is set flush inthe outer corner and the initial bar. This should be 3 mm. Further everything is quite simple. The following bracket is attached to the attachment of the previous product. Then you can proceed to the second row. Sometimes technology is applied, in which each next row is set with a certain shift. In this case, after installing the last row, you can finish the facing with the final bar.
Preparation of tools before installing the stone on the foundation
Finishing the foundation of the house with a stone will make the appearance of the building more presentable. Before starting work, the following tools should be prepared:
- metal brush;
- shovel for grouting joints;
- a primer;
As a base material, it is oftenacts concrete or brick, which have the composition and properties, similar to that of taekovyh by artificial stone. Therefore, the adhesion conditions are quite high. The surface should be cleaned with a metal brush or spatula, and then repair chips and cracks with a putty. All surfaces are cleaned. The master should make sure that the foundation is dry. It needs to be covered with a primer and wait until it dries. Only after you can proceed to laying the stone.
Technique for the installation of stone
The stone foundation is finished in warmweather. It is important to distinguish the top and bottom of the facings. Next, markup is done, you can use a cord for this. The next step will be the preparation of the solution and its application to the wall, as well as to individual fragments of the lining. It is important to limit the area to 1 m2. This will avoid premature drying of the formulation.
Begin work from the bottom row of the corner. This will eliminate the sliding of the stone. When the foundation is finished under the stone, the elements must be pressed into the wall. If you plan to make joints, the gaps between the boulders should be between 1.5 and 3.5 cm. You need to choose the appropriate size, taking into account the parameters of the fragments.
If you need to saw the material, you shouldperform stripping the edges of the nazhdachkoy or file. All gaps after laying the stone are filled with grout. The composition should not get on the surface. In this state, the material is prepared for a day, only afterwards it is possible to perform grouting. Sometimes builders use hydrophobizing compounds. Before buying them, you need to familiarize yourself with the properties. The mixture should not form a film on the surface and prevent absorption of moisture.
If you want to finish the foundation forbrick, then you can also use clinker tiles. The cost of such material will be much lower than many analogs. If you want to further insulate the plinth, you should purchase a heat-insulating tile that is capable of retaining heat and protecting the foundation.
This material is mounted by the method of superpositionelements on top of each other. Laying can be carried out quite quickly, but it should be borne in mind that the products have a rather impressive weight. Therefore, they should not be installed on a simple solution. It is recommended to use a special mixture. For such a construction, it is necessary to prepare the surface, which must be leveled and made as strong as possible.