Digital television from January 1, 2019 in Russia
The transition to digital television is happening or has already occurred in many countries around the world. Russia is also involved in this process, which, according to the authorities, should be completed on January 1, 2019. In accordance with the federal program, about 10,000 transponders were built in the country, which should bring digital television "to every home." The state has spent significant funds on this modernization program, which is considered a national security project.
The essence of change
From January 2019, the Russian government will stop funding the spread of the traditional analog signal, which will lead to the disconnection of old TVs that are not equipped with a special prefix. At the same time, television channels, both state and commercial, can continue to broadcast in analog format in 2019 at their own expense. Currently, most TV channels support their broadcast in both formats (the analog version can be distinguished by the letter “A” on the screen).
The advantages of digital television
From a practical point of view, the digital signal provides a higher quality image without noise and interference, and also supports stereo sound, which allows users to receive the most realistic content (news, movies, TV shows, sports broadcasts, etc.).
In addition, digital television, in contrast to analog, does not require a wide range of terrestrial frequencies. Currently, for many people in Russia, only one or two TV channels are available, often with poor image and sound quality. According to the authorities of the Russian Federation, the transition to digital television will provide full coverage of the official channels of almost the entire territory of the country.
For new TVs with built-in digital tuner, it is enough to reconfigure channels. This can be done automatically or manually. The device will automatically find the digital signal and start playing in the updated mode. For older analog TVs, you need to purchase a special set-top box that will provide signal transformation. This device must support DVB-T2 standard and MPEG4 video compression.
In the Russian stores of electronics and household appliances sold many models of such consoles. The recommended price for them is from 600 to 700 rubles.Each TV requires a separate digital set-top box or built-in tuner.
From January 1, 2019, the population of the Russian Federation will be able to watch two sets of round-the-clock digital television channels (so-called multiplexes) for free. The first set includes the largest and “reliable”, according to the authorities, broadcasters. This is mainly so-called. "Mandatory" state TV channels. In particular, among them:
- First channel;
- Russia 1;
- Russia 24;
- Russia Culture;
- TV Center;
- "Match" (sports channel).
In addition, the first package included several other, less well-known TV channels and three official radio stations (Radio Russia, Mayak and Vesti FM).
The second set of channels was determined on the basis of the last federal competition. Later, this additional package made some changes. The broadcasting of the second “multiplex” is also planned as round-the-clock and uninterrupted. These are mainly TV channels. "Patriotic", "orthodox" and entertaining subjects. In particular, among them:
- "Star" (Armed Forces of the Russian Federation);
- Savior (Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate);
- “Mir” (international state-run television company broadcasting in the Russian Federation, in Belarus and in Kazakhstan);
- Muz TV;
- a number of other entertainment channels.
Thus, more than two dozens of free TV channels and radio stations will be available to residents of Russia in 2019. Due to the huge area of the country and low population density (outside of large cities), a number of territories of the Russian Federation remain outside the coverage area of digital television. Residents of such areas, mainly in the Asian part of the country, will be able in 2019 to receive an analog television signal from local repeaters as an exception. In the future, these “lacunae” will either be connected to the standard free broadcasting as new transponders are built, or they will be forced to switch to satellite television reception.
The Russian authorities are also planning to form and gradually connect the third set of free channels. This package will take into account the territorial specificity and consist mainly of products of local broadcasters. The composition of the third "multiplex" will differ in different regions of the country.