Causes, symptoms and treatment of ulcerative colitis
Cases of nonspecific ulcerative colitis (diseaseCrohn) are not often found in modern medicine. Nevertheless, inflammation followed by ulceration of the large intestine - a very dangerous condition, since in the absence of qualified care leads to a mass of complications.
Causes of nonspecific ulcerative colitis
Unfortunately, the mechanism of thisthe disease is still at the study stage. But still managed to find out some of the risk factors. In particular, here there is a genetic predisposition.
In addition, as a result of the latest tests,It is determined that patients in the blood contain specific antibodies to their own cells of the large intestine. This gave grounds to believe that nonspecific colitis in some cases has an autoimmune origin and is associated with impaired functioning of the body's defense system. On the other hand, some scientists believe that the increased sensitivity of immunity is associated not with the structures of the intestine, but with the bacteria that live in it.
The main symptoms of nonspecific ulcerative colitis
Immediately it is worth noting that colitis is a diseasechronic, in which exacerbations are replaced by periods of relative well-being, and vice versa. As a rule, inflammation occurs on one or another part of the rectum, but over time the lesion increases in size, and sometimes it seizes the entire mucosa of the large intestine.
Crohn's disease (ulcerative colitis)accompanied by pulling, cramping pains in the lower abdomen. As a rule, with such attacks there are also strong urges to defecate. Along with this, the body temperature rises to 37.5 degrees. Patients complain of lethargy and weakness, suffer from increased fatigue and loss of appetite.
From time to time, diarrhea appears, and infecal masses you can see the impurity of blood. Sometimes patients complain of constipation - the intestine is difficult to empty even if the feces are relatively soft.
With severe inflammation and ulceration of the large intestine, strong intestinal bleeding may occur, which is extremely dangerous for the health and even life of a person.
Treatment of ulcerative colitis
Unfortunately, the exact causes of inflammation are establishedit is impossible, therefore, the treatment in this case is symptomatic. Nevertheless, correctly selected therapy allows achieving a stable remission. First of all, the patient is prescribed anti-inflammatory and pain medications. This stops the further development of the inflammatory process, relieves pain and normalizes body temperature. In more severe cases, steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used.
In addition, patients are prescribed drugs,which inhibit the activity of the immune system, in particular, "Ciclosporin" and "Azathioprine." In some cases, reception of antidiarrhoeal agents is indicated. With anemia, which invariably develops as a result of permanent bleeding, iron-containing substances are used.
Of course, there are other methods,allowing to suspend nonspecific ulcerative colitis. Folk treatment includes the reception of a decoction of wheat and turnip grains. An important part of the therapy is the right diet, which excludes the use of foods rich in fiber, as well as sharp, salty, acidic and fried foods.
Only in the most severe cases the patient needs surgical intervention, which includes partial or complete resection of the large intestine.