Apple tree Colonial Dialogue: description of the variety, features of cultivation, reviews. Inoculation of apple trees in spring for beginners
If you have a small garden plot, and youthis dream of an apple orchard, then the best option will be the cultivation of colonial varieties. Recently, they are encountered more often and deservedly enjoyed the attention of summer residents. Still, they do not form lateral branches and grow vertically upwards, which makes them tremendously convenient for cultivation. Care of trees is required minimum, the collection of fruits is available even to the child, treatment from pests and diseases is eased as much as possible.
Indeed, a garden in which even rowsgrowing apple-tree column-shaped Dialog, completely different from the usual for us. The trees here grow in straight rows, tightly to each other. Usually fruit trees can bear fruit for 40-60 years. But the columns do not live that long. After about 15 years, their yields drop dramatically, and the fruits remain only on the tops. Therefore, in 2-3 years, start to prepare a shift. When young trees begin to enter the fruiting phase, the old ones can be cut out gradually.
Over the years of life, the colonial apple tree Dialoguegrows fruit branches only 20 cm in each direction. This is what gives gardeners the opportunity to save space and plant trees in thickened rows. The soil here is not dug, between rows there is only 1 m, so that you can freely pass and harvest. This is a big plus, because in the shade badly develops weeds. But the lower part of the trees receives a lot of light, and sometimes the largest fruits are formed there. The height of each apple tree is slightly higher than human height. By age, some can reach 2.5 meters. Solid wood allows you to grow without bending under the weight of apples.
Accommodation in the garden
Colon-shaped apple-tree Dialogue is a specimen,worthy of attention. A little lower we will consider its main characteristics, but for now give a little more time to allocate landings. At 10 square meters. plant up to 20 apple seedlings. This is a huge array that will yield a great harvest. Each row should be planted with age-old plants. Usually it's one-year olds. And here it is impossible to plant seedlings between grown-up apples, they are bare and stretched upwards. There is another regularity - summer varieties are planted next to summer, and winter with winter ones. In order for you to get a sufficient amount of harvest, you need to have pollinators on the site of the variety. It can be ordinary or column-shaped apple trees. The main thing is that there are at least two of them.
Growing on rootstocks
Colon-shaped apple tree Dialogue, as well asmost of her fellows grow extremely poorly on their own roots. Therefore, dwarf rootstocks are used for it, which gives an excellent result. Trees bear fruit every year, delighting the owner with juicy fruits. These are medium-sized trees, very convenient for processing and harvesting. Fruits are medium in size, about 100 g each apple, a beautiful yellow color. The taste is sweet and sour, with a pleasant aroma, and the pulp is white, juicy, fine-grained. This variety ripens in July, being one of the earliest. As a pollinator, you can use the President's apple tree, they bloom and mature at one time.
By the way, if you want to supplement your gardentrees that will give the late apples, well-fit for couching, then boldly choose the grade Currency. Fruits can be collected in October, and they will lie until the very spring, if they are not eaten by your household before. By taste and beauty, they are not inferior to the best southern varieties.
Inoculation of apple trees in spring for beginners
Since the columns will not grow and bear fruit on their own roots, you will need:
- A good dwarfish stock. Any wild game that grows in your garden will not work here. It is best to buy seedlings in the nursery, then you will be sure of the result. In Southern regions, Dusen and Paradise are often used as a rootstock, and in the northern part of Russia Paradise is red-leaved. On this list does not end, but choose from what is best suited to your climatic conditions.
- Privoy, collected and preserved by all the rules.
- Very sharp knife.
- Binding material.
- Hacksaw on wood.
- Garden var.
It is necessary to prepare in advance. It will be necessary to purchase the necessary number of seedlings and plant them in pre-prepared pits. Now you have rootstocks, which will be vaccinated. Now it's up to the varietal, grafting material. In the autumn, when the sap flow is over, after the first frosts, they start harvesting young, healthy shoots this summer (one-year-olds). They need to be bundled and put in moist sand, then hidden in a cellar where the temperature will be stable, about +2 degrees. If there is no basement, take a wet cloth, wrap the cuttings in it and clean it down the refrigerator.
Let's get down to business
How is the apple inoculation in the spring? For beginners, this can be a difficult task, but there is nothing wrong with that, just need a knack. There are different ways of vaccinations that you can use in your garden.
- Simple copulation. It is easy to practice when the diameter of the branch and the cuttings coincide. On the priovoe and the horseshoe, straight, oblique sections 3-4 cm long are made. Now fresh sections are applied to each other, and the junction is fixed with a film.
- Improved copulation - in fact, this is the same procedure. To improve the connection of the two parts, an additional transversal is made in the middle of each main section to form a sharp tongue.
- Inoculation in the cleavage. If your rootstocks have developed into serious, young trees, and the young twigs are very different in diameter, you can use the following method. Therefore, the stock is split with a sharp ax to a depth of 10 cm, and a single-sided cut at an acute angle is made on the pryvoy. Now the sections are smeared with a ferment and the place of grafting is wound with a film.
Next you need to monitor the state of vaccination. As soon as she starts to type the kidneys, you can breathe a sigh of relief. Now you can remove the bandage.
Purchase of ready-made seedlings
Not all gardeners have the opportunity to findquality rootstock, as well as varietal graft. And what should I do if I really want to put the Dialogue column on my site? Contact local nurseries. For sure you will be offered not even one, but several varieties of column-shaped apple trees to choose from. What should I look for? It is best to plant trees early in the spring, before buds begin to bud in the trees. This is especially true for early ripening varieties, such as the colonial apple tree Dialog. Saplings that have already turned two years old are usually sold in special containers. In this case, the plant almost does not feel like moving to a new place and can already this year please you with flowering.
One-year or two-year
A beginner gardener will necessarily pay attentionon the one that is older. But this is not always correct. Growing a Colon-shaped Apple Tree Dialogue suggests that one-year-old seedlings thrive and grow much faster than two-year-olds. But be sure to note that the roots of the seedlings are not overdried or rotten. The site should be chosen sunny, open, but protected from strong wind. It is extremely important that the soil is moisture-permeable, fertile, and the occurrence of groundwater is not more than 2 meters.
Spring planting of seedlings
For spring planting it is necessary from the autumnprepare pits for the future of the apple orchard. To do this, dig them out at a distance of half a meter from each other, leaving a row spacing 1 meter wide. When digging out, do not forget the top fertile layer of the earth to be piled on one side of the pit, and the lower one on the other. Add a few buckets of compost or humus to the quality soil, 100 g of potassium fertilizer and superphosphate. Fill a large sand or gravel on the bottom of the pit, and top up with a layer of soil about half the depth.
Planting and care of the colonial apple treetoo complex, then there is a huge amount of details that must be taken into account. With the onset of warm days, the young tree is placed in the pit, we straighten the roots and fall asleep with the fertile soil left over from autumn. Now we water well and leave it for a few days. When the soil comes up, the pit can be filled with soil from the lower layers of the soil.
Care of plantings
So, at you on a site there was ownColon-shaped apple, but not some sort, but varietal. Dialogue begins to please the bulk of fruits already from the end of June, and is in a hurry to blossom just after planting. But while it is not necessary. Until the bud, buds are pruned and preventive treatment from pests and diseases, as well as fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers. But it's all for the next year. Now it's up to you to water the planting and observe.
When the buds appear, they will need to be removed. Gradually, the load can be increased. In the second year, leave ten colors, and then, gradually increase this amount. In addition to pruning, fertilizing and thinning, Colonoid apple varieties of Dialog need regular watering and loosening of the stump. However, if the trees grow on clonal rootstocks, then you risk damaging the roots. In this case, mulching is not performed, but tinning. That is, within a radius of 25 cm from the trunk sowers are sown, and they are regularly mowed.
Before landing, it would be nice toto find out what conditions the colonial apple tree "Dialogue" likes. The description of the variety, photos and reviews we are presenting for you today, contains information that this is an early-born variety. That is, in spring the plant will need a colossal supply of nutrients in order to grow the crop.
In early June, it is necessary to make mineralfertilizer. As soon as the first ovaries appear, it is necessary to perform their thinning. On the branches there are only half of the formed ovaries. When the future apples reach the size of the cherry, in each inflorescence leave two ovaries, and when they grow to the size of a walnut, then of the two must remain alone.
Prevention of diseases
Description of the apple tree Dialogue highlights its highwinter hardiness and resistance to diseases and pests. Therefore, you do not have to water the garden with chemicals throughout the season. However, the condition of the trees will have to be monitored regularly, because the diseases mutate, and the pests adapt. Do not forget that the collection of fruits begins in July, which means that the last treatment can be performed in June. Since August, stop feeding apple trees with organic and nitrogen fertilizers. At this time, plants really need potassium, which helps to ripen young shoots faster.
Autumn and Spring
It is no wonder, that such popularity usesapple tree. Dialogue. Reviews say that this compact, neat plant gives a fantastic amount of apples. Of course, they are not stored for long, but for a month and a half you can enjoy delicious, juicy fruits. To get the same result for the next year, you need to feed the apple tree with organic matter, treat it against the pests hidden in the bark and in the soil.
In the early spring, the columns are recycled fromdiseases and pests. To do this, use a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or nitrafen. The goal is to destroy microorganisms and pests that have found shelter in the bark and ground. As a nitrogen fertilizer, urea can be used.
Features of watering
Yield of a column-shaped apple tree The dialogue is simplefantastic, about 6 kg of choice, large fruit from one tree. If there is nutritious soil and sufficient watering, this amount can be doubled. Here I want to stay on watering. This column does not have a rod root, which extends deep, and the entire root system is located on the surface of the earth. Therefore, it is necessary to water every other day in moderate weather, and in hot weather every day. Lack of water can lead to a complete loss of harvest.
Once again about top dressing
Formation of a huge number of fruits requiresfood, so the colonial gardens need nutrients throughout the growing season. In spring it is good to add slurry or chicken manure, and as a nitrogen fertilizer urea solution. All this is done before the buds swelling. Until mid-summer it is recommended to spray twice more with urea at a concentration of 0.1%. In the first half of June, complex mineral fertilizers are introduced, and in August we focus on potassium.
Instead of concluding
Colon-shaped apple trees Dialogue is modern andvery fruitful variety, which is worthy of the attention of gardeners throughout Russia. Well adapted to wintering under the harshest conditions, these apple trees will be pleased with delicious fruits with juicy pulp and wonderful aroma for many years. Collected in early July, they can lie on the windowsill until the very end of summer. If you additionally land on the site of winter varieties, you will eat homemade apples almost all year round.